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African daisy, Osteospermum - Dimorphoteca pluvialis - Dimorphotheca pluvialis

African daisy, Osteospermum - Dimorphoteca pluvialis - Dimorphotheca pluvialis


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Generalitа


Dimorphoteca pluvialis, genus that includes some perennial flowering plants originating in southern Africa, also known as osteospermum. The specimens of this genus constitute dense clumps of lance-shaped, light green, waxy and leathery leaves, from which numerous stems rise on which bloom flowers similar to daisies, with a diameter of around 4-5 cm, of pink, white, yellow color, red or purple. The common name of Dimorphoteca pluvialis is African daisy.
The flowering of the osteospermum it is very long and goes from the beginning of spring to the first cold ones; in autumn the plant turns yellow and dry and reappears every year, spreading like a ground cover. The plants reach 25-30 cm in height, but the patch of color they create widens from year to year.

Exposure



There African daisy it prefers very sunny locations where it can receive a few hours of direct light a day, but it grows without problems even in partial shade, while producing more leaves than flowers.
This plant is quite rustic, even if it does not tolerate temperatures far below -5 ° C, therefore in winter it must be collected in a sheltered place, or protected with non-woven fabric, cutting the aerial part. It is also possible to cover the roots of osteospermum with leaves or mulching material, so that they remain protected from the harsh climate and from possible frosts.

Watering



In the flowering period the African daisy it needs to be watered with regularity and consistency, especially during days with high temperatures, while avoiding the formation of water stagnation which is very harmful to the health of this kind of plant.
Every 15-20 days, provide fertilizer for flowering plants dissolved in the water of the waterings so as to promote better development and more abundant flowering.
Dimorphoteca pluvialis can withstand short periods of drought.

Ground



This particular variety of plants prefers loose, fertile, very well drained soils. The ideal substrate is formed by a mixture of soil, peat, organic substances and sand, so as to guarantee the correct degree of drainage.

Multiplication


The reproduction of these specimens occurs by seed in spring; it is possible to sow already in February, in seedbed, which must be kept in a protected place until June, when the external temperatures, even the night ones, turn out to be pleasant and it will be possible to plant the seedlings without danger of being ruined; if you wish, you can sow it directly from May onwards.
In spring or summer it is possible to practice semi-woody cuttings.
In the autumn season it is possible to resort to the division of the tufts.

Pests and diseases



it is frequently attacked by aphids and whitefly. To effectively counter the onset of these problems it is possible to intervene with the use of specific insecticidal products before the vegetative restart, so as to provide good protection to the plants.
It is also necessary to pay attention to the formation of water stagnations that could cause the formation of radical rot, very dangerous for the health of the plants of this variety.

African daisy, Osteospermum - Dimorphoteca pluvialis: African daisy in winter


The African Margherita, as one can easily guess from its name, suffers especially from winter and low winter temperatures. This plant in fact grows in warm and sunny environments and at our latitudes it is very difficult to survive the cold.
This is one of the main reasons why it is grown as an annual in Italy. If you want to try to make the African daisy survive in the cold winter you can try the winter shelter, taking care not to place the daisy plant in a too dark place that could cause strong problems and stress to the plant.



Comments:

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  4. Hardin

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