Apartment plants

American bread plant - Monstera deliciosa


GeneralitŠ°


The Monstera deliciosa, also known as the American bread plant, is really very resistant, so it can be placed almost everywhere. Given this great resistance, the problem is often the size it can reach. It comes from the tropical forests of Guatemala, it develops with a bushy growth habit and has very jagged characteristics of dark color.
It belongs to the family of the philodendrons, among the most widespread plants inside the apartments for their ornamental character and easy cultivation.

There bread plant American needs a lot of watering, depending on the temperature of the environment. For better monitoring, check the soil that must always be moist but not soaked, never leave the water in the saucer.fertilizing



The Monstera deliciosa is very sensitive to fertilizing, for this reason it is good not to overdo it; an excess of fertilizer could make them develop very large leaves and alter the balance. The recommended fertilizer is for home plants, rightly diluted. The frequency of the fertilizations varies according to the age of the specimens: when they are young they need more nourishment than when they are now adult plants; It is good practice to carry out at least two or three operations a year.

Repotting


It is a variety that requires little land; when the specimen is disproportionate to the pot, the transplant is performed. A universal soil is used with the addition of polystyrene pellets to lighten the compost, it is necessary to form a good drainage at the bottom of the pot, since it does not tolerate water stagnation.

Temperature



It also tolerates low temperatures well, but these should never fall below 12 ° C, the optimal temperature is
18-22 ° c, for this reason it adapts very well to apartment living. This variety is very sensitive to high temperatures, therefore with increasing of these it is also advisable to reduce the irrigation intervals. It prefers environments with fresh air.

Multiplication


Reproduction of this variety occurs in the summer period, given the high temperatures it needs to root. The parts to be used for the cutting are the apex or lateral buds; to avoid the onset of diseases we recommend the use of a very sharp blade. To facilitate engraftment we recommend the use of radical hormones.

Parasites



It is a species that is rarely attacked by parasites, possibly by green aphids, which can be eliminated by using pesticide products to be sprayed on the affected plants.

American bread plant - Monstera deliciosa: Advice


Given the development of the Monstera deliciosa and the formation of aerial roots that serve as a support, how much the plant rises needs a guardian to anchor it. The brace should be covered with moss to facilitate root anchoring. If the American bread plant has yellow leaves, it is advisable to repot it, increasing drainage and reducing watering. On the other hand, when the plant has black spots on the leaves, it is possible that the latter has taken some frost or cold. If instead it shows leaves with reddish areas at the ends, it needs more water.
The name Monstera comes from the Latin mostifer, a plant that generates monsters.