Love for work on the ground, apparently, is included in the genotype of our people. In particular, the spread of truck farming in our country is almost ubiquitous; it is no secret that in the turbulent years of the country's transition to a market economy, many families literally were able to survive thanks to the products obtained from their own gardens.
- Crop rotation rules
- Planting crops after potatoes
- Useful neighborhood
There are beliefs that modern agricultural technology tends to use extremely complex and expensive crop production technologies that are beyond the strength of individual small owners. Of course, such phenomena do exist. However, there are also some relatively simple rules and techniques, the application of which can significantly increase the useful return and productivity of even small gardens without significant and burdensome financial costs for the family budget. On top of that, there will be, which is especially nice, a lot of effort saved. In this regard, special attention should be paid to potatoes, as the main vegetable garden culture in Russia.
Crop rotation rules
Many gardeners know that the most important component and guarantee of a good harvest is compliance with the rules of crop rotation.
The simplest example: you cannot plant one crop on the same plot for several years in a row. Consequently, it is necessary to allocate several zones on the site and annually (in some cases, once every two to three years) to "shuffle" the grown vegetables. This is where the main difficulties begin, since for the correct "movement" it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules.
For example, in order to find an answer to the question of what to plant after potatoes, you should take into account certain features of this culture. So, this plant takes a fairly large amount of phosphorus and potassium from the ground, therefore, before planting a new crop, the site must be fertilized with potassium sulfate, double superphosphate and urea.
Planting crops after potatoes
The most successful followers of potatoes are the so-called siderates (that is, plants that are grown for the purpose of later applying them to the soil as fertilizer), for example, mustard, oats, peas, rapeseed and phacelia. Also, the area where the potatoes were grown can be planted with a pumpkin.
What is not recommended to plant after potatoes? The answer to this question is quite simple: those plants that are susceptible to the same diseases as potatoes. These include nightshades (eggplant, tomato, etc.), as well as peppers. For the rest, after potatoes, you can grow almost any crop, while introducing a sufficient amount of organic and mineral fertilizers into the soil.
If it is not supposed to plant potatoes right away, but it is planned to do this in the coming years, then in the areas intended for planting potatoes in the future, you can plant zucchini, cucumbers, pumpkins, cabbage, squash, beans, onions. After them, planting potatoes will give a good harvest.
As another effective alternative to traditional gardening agricultural technologies, it is possible to offer parallel cultivation of different crops in adjacent plots of the same garden.
As it turned out, when using this method, many plants do not compete with each other, but even act in a kind of symbiosis. So potatoes get along well with:
- white cabbage
At the same time, it protects the beans from bruchus, in return, it feeds the potatoes with nitrogen.
The beneficial complementarity between all of the plants listed above is possible because they take up moisture from different soil horizons. As practice has repeatedly shown, the joint cultivation of potatoes with compatible plant species strengthens it, the number of diseases in its bushes decreases, and it is able to produce consistently high yields with long-term growth in one place. In this regard, carrots, radishes, dill, garlic, lettuce, and beans are beneficial neighbors for potatoes.
By the way, beans planted in the aisles of potatoes scares off the Colorado potato beetle. Catnip, coriander, tansy and nasturtium can do the same. And phytoncides of garlic and onions quickly destroy the pathogenic fungus phytophthora, which often affects potatoes.
As we said above and as we see in practice, there is nothing particularly complicated in the given recommendations. They do not require the use of any special agricultural machinery or chemicals, special buildings and the like. Compliance with the simple rules described above will give you high yields and reliably preserve the fertility of your land for many years.