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Reproduction of remontant raspberries, rules and secrets

Reproduction of remontant raspberries, rules and secrets



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The main feature of the remontant raspberry is that it is very difficult to propagate it using traditional methods, since it produces very few shoots. On the one hand, this is good, as it makes it easier to care for it, but on the other hand, it creates problems, because the reproduction of remontant raspberries occurs at the expense of root suckers.

Content:

  • Features of the remontant raspberry
  • Remaining raspberry varieties
  • Raspberry selection
  • Planting and caring for remontant raspberries
  • Reproduction secrets of remontant raspberries

Features of the remontant raspberry

The repaired raspberry variety bears fruit on biennial and annual shoots. Two crops can be harvested from it a year. But a richer harvest is obtained when remontant raspberries are kept in an annual crop. Crop in such cases is harvested in late summer or early autumn. The first crop on two-year-old shoots weakens the entire raspberry bush, delaying the ripening of the second, more valuable crop.

Repaired raspberries are more resistant to various diseases and pests. A wormy berry from it is very rare, because the pest lives with the growth and development phases of ordinary raspberries. Therefore, caring for her is much easier than for the usual one.

Nevertheless, many summer residents consider the optimal solution to use remontant raspberries to get only one harvest. But with regular feeding and watering, you can achieve two full harvests.

Remaining raspberry varieties

There are a lot of varieties of remontant raspberries, depending on the location, the most suitable varieties are chosen.

Popular varieties of remontant raspberries:

  • gold autumn;
  • Golden domes;
  • penguin;
  • diamond;
  • polana;
  • ruby necklace;
  • hercules;
  • Indian summer and others.

Raspberry selection

When planning the purchase of remontant raspberries, the buyer must take into account the basic rules:

  1. It is best to purchase several mid-early and mid-late raspberries to ensure a rich harvest. Regular raspberry varieties bear fruit only two years after planting, but remontant varieties yield in the first year - in June and September.
  2. Take into account the differences in raspberry varieties: the standard plant gives rise to replacement shoots and two-year-old shoots bear fruit, but the remontant can only gain its height and prepare for late flowering.

In recent years, standard raspberries have been gaining popularity, attracting summer residents with their strong stems that do not bend under the weight of the berries.

Planting and caring for remontant raspberries

It is equally important to properly plant remontant raspberries, having plans for its further reproduction. Then it is necessary to observe the minimum distance between the bushes - from 0.7 m, and between the rows - more than 1.5 m.Raspberries will grow well in sunny and warm places, as for the soil - maybe on any, but a mixture of humus, superphosphate is better, humus and potash fertilizer.

Caring for her is quite simple - it is enough to water abundantly, not to let the weeds grow. Provide top dressing twice a season - at the beginning of spring and flowering. Loosen the soil shallowly, without affecting the root system of the plant, then mulch.

It is important to ensure that there are no more than 5-7 shoots in 1 raspberry bush intended for harvest. It is recommended to cut off excess ones at the end of spring and use them as new planting material.

Reproduction secrets of remontant raspberries

With the help of some simple agronomic techniques, you can accelerate the reproduction of the remontant raspberry variety. To do this, in early spring or autumn, two to three years after planting a raspberry seedling, it is necessary to carefully remove a part of the bush in the center, with a diameter of 0.1-0.2 m, then the next season new offspring will grow from its roots. There will be about two dozen of them, but nevertheless they are excellent planting material.

You can also propagate remontant raspberries by green cuttings, which are harvested in late spring from aboveground annual shoots, but some of them had to grow underground. This area is called bleached or etiolated.

Green cuttings have good nutrient reserves and good growth properties. The operation for their harvesting and rooting is carried out several times, depending on the formation of buds on the roots and the time of their awakening (from late spring to early summer).

The best results are obtained with spring cuttings, because the very first green cuttings grow from large buds, which means they are better provided with the necessary substances.

Shoots with a small aerial part (3-5 cm) at a time when they are not yet growing, but the rosette of leaves has already formed, are considered optimal for use as green cuttings. Shoots with a higher aerial part take root less well, because they have already begun to grow. Overgrown offspring are not suitable for reproduction, they do not take root well even in greenhouse conditions.

The cutting needed for reproduction is carefully cut at a shallow depth and taken out together with the ground. Sprinkle the cut with charcoal before planting; do not put the cuttings in water for rooting. It should be planted in well-moistened and oxygen-permeable soil. After 2 weeks, the cuttings will give roots, but it is recommended to replant them no earlier than a month after successful rooting.


Watch the video: How To Grow Raspberry Bushes From Cuttings: Easy and [email protected] (August 2022).