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Celery stalk, planting, care, harvesting, benefits, recipes

Celery stalk, planting, care, harvesting, benefits, recipes


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The benefits of celery have long been proven unconditionally. Celery stalk is used as a component of some dishes or their main component, and it is not at all difficult to grow it even on a windowsill.

Content:

  • Celery stalk, what it looks like, description and photo
  • Planting and leaving
  • Pests and diseases, methods of dealing with them
  • Petiolate celery: harvesting and storage rules
  • What are the benefits of stalked celery, useful properties
  • Petiole whitening
  • How to eat stalked celery
  • How to grow stalked celery at home

Celery stalk, what it looks like, description and photo

As the name suggests, the main part of this species is the stem. Outwardly, it differs from other species in long juicy petioles in the absence of a pronounced tuber.

Petioles formed in the first year of cultivation are eaten. If you are late in harvesting, tough fibers form in the stems, making them unusable.

Left for the second year, the plants produce flower stalks. In this case, the varieties are pollinated with the loss of varietal characteristics by the descendants. To prevent this, it is recommended to separate the beds for the second year with a sufficiently large distance.

The stems are used not only in cooking, but also in cosmetology and even medicine. The latter is due to the rich chemical composition and variety of useful elements.

Planting and leaving

It is recommended to plant seedlings in open ground. This is due to the fact that many seeds need high temperatures for germination. At the same time, it is important that four to five leaves have formed on the seedlings by the time of planting and the total height of the stems is at least 15 cm.

Celery grows best on a loose, fertile substrate with moderate moisture and slightly acidic reaction.

In order for the seedlings to take root and give a good harvest, it is important to thoroughly prepare the site before planting:

  • The selected area should be well lit, but protected from drafts;
  • Place suitable neighbors near the plots - lettuce, tomatoes, beans, white cabbage;
  • In the fall, dig up the site, fertilizing the soil with humus;
  • Prepare grooves with a depth of 30 cm with a distance of 40 cm between them.

The planted plants also need care, which determines the quality of the crop.

The main points to watch out for are:

  • Before direct planting in trenches, it is imperative to scatter mineral fertilizers;
  • A month after planting, treat the soil with urea in a ratio of 1 tablespoon of urea per 1 sq. m;
  • It is important not to allow the soil to dry out by systematically watering the seedlings;
  • After watering, it is important not to forget about loosening;
  • When the height of the petioles reaches 30 cm, they must be carefully tied in bunches and wrapped in thick dark paper. This is necessary for whitening.

Subject to simple rules, you can get an environmentally friendly and healthy product. It is enough to spend a little time and effort.

Let's watch a useful video about growing stalk celery:

Pests and diseases, methods of dealing with them

Like other crops, celery also suffers from pest attacks.

The most dangerous and common are:

  • The legume aphid is the largest of all insects of this species, dangerous in that each new generation grows in just two weeks;
  • Borscht fly - hatches at the end of May, often flies from the hogweed, lays eggs under the skin of the foliage. The affected plant can be noticed by the formation of small lumpy spots. The hatched larvae gradually eat away the leaves, forming long brown lines. As a result, the yield decreases, and those petioles that survive become bitter;
  • Carrot bean - common in the northwestern part of the country. Spends winter on conifers, after which it flies to other crops. After the lice sucks the juice from the leaves, they begin to deform, growth is inhibited;
  • Carrot fly - after wintering in the soil, in the spring it flies out and lays under the plant, when the first true leaf is formed, white eggs. The hatched larvae penetrate the root and damage it by moving to the stem. You can protect the seedlings by timely weeding, loosening the soil and applying fertilizers.

In addition to insects, diseases can also bring a lot of harm.

The most dangerous are.

  • Powdery mildew - can attack seedlings both outdoors and indoors. The leaves are most affected, covering them with a white bloom, which gradually takes on a powdery form with black dots. With a large-scale defeat, dew affects both parts of the leaf blade, passes to the stem and provokes plant decay;
  • Septoria - affects all aerial parts, begins with the formation of chlorotic rounded spots. Over time, the spots begin to lighten in the center, and form a dark border around the edge. As a result, the affected leaves curl and dry out, the petioles become thinner and brittle;
  • Phomosis is a fungal infection that affects both underground and aboveground parts of the plant. The first sign of phomosis is a lesion at the top of the seedling. As a result, the plant slows down its growth, the leaves begin to turn yellow, acquire a brown or blue tint, the stems become brittle;
  • Cercosporosis - often affects greenhouse plants, affects all aerial parts of the plant, originating on seedlings. It begins with the formation of rounded spots on the leaves, which eventually acquire a purple hue.

If you do not pay attention to the defeat in time, there is a danger of completely losing the crop. To prevent this, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the seedlings in order to notice the problem at the initial stage, when it is not so difficult to cope with it.

Petiolate celery: harvesting and storage rules

In order for the harvest to be as juicy, aromatic and sweet as possible, it is important to adhere not only to the rules of planting and care, but also to assembly. Since stalked celery is quite sensitive to temperature extremes, it is recommended to harvest it in September, before the first frost.

Keeping the plant in the beds for more than 11-16 weeks from the moment of planting is not recommended at all. During this time, it will lose its taste, and the fibers of the stem will become tough and tasteless. It is necessary to remove celery by cutting it at the root. You can store it in the cellar for up to several months, in the refrigerator for two to three weeks, with cut leaves or in the freezer, where it can lie for a year.

What are the benefits of stalked celery, useful properties

A large number of useful elements that are part of the plant have a beneficial effect on the human body.

The benefits of celery are:

  • Restoration of water-salt balance, facilitating the outflow of excess fluid from the body;
  • General cleansing of the body due to anti-aging and antioxidant properties;
  • Increasing the defenses of the immune system;
  • Maintaining the general tone of the body, improving mood, reducing nervousness and tension;
  • Preventing the deposition of fat cells;
  • Preventing the deposition of kidney stones;
  • Inhibition of the development of malignant neoplasms;
  • Improving the functioning of the digestive system, cleansing toxins and stabilizing the functioning of the intestines.

In this case, the plant is considered an aphrodisiac and has a low calorie content. Thus, celery is a real storehouse of nutrients for those who want to lose weight.

Petiole whitening

Artificial bleaching of the stems gives them not only a light shade, but also improves the taste, making it more delicate. The easiest way to carry out this procedure is hilling with wet soil. For this, the soil, as the plant grows, must be poured higher, leaving only the growth point and leaves above it.

The only drawback of hilling is an earthy taste. To avoid it, a different bleaching method can be used. Twenty days before harvesting, the stems must be wrapped with a soft cloth and covered with thick paper on top, leaving only the leaves outside.

It is important that the entire petiole is covered with earth or paper during bleaching. There should be no gaps between the ground and the strapping material.

Let's watch a useful video on bleaching stalked celery:

How to eat stalked celery

This product is quite widespread in cooking. The most common dishes with this vegetable are pickled. To prepare 12 stalks and a bunch of parsley, wash thoroughly, remove fibers and cut into small pieces. Take 10 cloves of garlic, peel and cut into slices.

Put 20 allspice peas, chopped parsley and garlic in a pre-prepared enamel container. Put celery in the same container, sprinkle with ground red pepper. Pour 3 liters of water into another saucepan, boil, add 4 tablespoons of granulated sugar, the same amount of salt and freshly squeezed juice of two lemons. Pour the resulting mixture into the stems and place them under a press, then send them to the refrigerator for three days, after which they can be eaten.

Cream soup, to prepare 6 stems, wash, peel, finely chop and fry in butter until softened. While the vegetable is fried, boil 3 medium-sized potatoes in salted water, having previously cut each into four parts. After the vegetables are ready, grind until smooth with a blender. Add 300 ml of cream to the resulting mixture, salt and pepper to taste, bring it to a boil.

Salad, for cooking you will need 300 g of stems, 500 g of cherry tomatoes, a small green hot pepper, half a red bell pepper, two tablespoons of olive oil, three cloves of garlic and the juice of half a lemon. The vegetables need to be washed and chopped, and then season with a mixture of olive oil and lemon juice. Salt is recommended before serving.

A vegetable is equally good and goes well with vegetables, and looks in dishes where it is the main component. However, it is important to remember the specific taste that should not clog other vegetables when cooking.

How to grow stalked celery at home

Like other root vegetables, celery grows well both in the garden and on the windowsill. To grow from a cutting, you need to purchase it in the store, cut off the greens and leave the stump.

The latter must be germinated a little, and then planted, according to the rules:

  • Purchase soil in advance or prepare it by mixing sod soil, humus and peat in equal quantities;
  • Choose a container - plastic or clay, wide and shallow;
  • After planting, it is important to provide the vegetable with good lighting, ideally it is recommended to extend the daylight hours using fluorescent lamps;
  • Provide a stable temperature from + 18C to + 20C, providing moderate moisture.

For irrigation, it is recommended to use settled water at room temperature. It is also important to avoid dangerous fluctuations in temperature.

Celery is a tasty and healthy plant that has long settled not only on the shelves of grocery stores, but also on gardeners' beds. A properly grown and cooked vegetable will help enrich not only the table, but also the body with useful substances.


Watch the video: DUMMIES GUIDE TO GROWING OUTSTANDING ORGANIC CELERY!!! (May 2022).