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Experienced gardeners know how to plant garlic in order to get a good harvest. Garlic is a frost-resistant crop and can be planted both in winter and early spring.
- Basic rules for planting garlic
- Temperature setting for spring garlic
- Winter garlic
- Planting bulbs
Basic rules for planting garlic
- it is necessary to choose a sunny place in the garden;
- it is recommended to plant garlic after cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, peppers;
- it is not recommended to plant garlic after all types of onions and garlic, potatoes, carrots, beets, tomatoes;
- the soil for garlic must be fertilized in advance.
Most summer residents prefer to plant winter garlic in late autumn, but it is better to give up this habit, since if you plant this crop before the onset of frost, garlic will not form a powerful root system, and in spring it will be weakened.
How to plant garlic in winter? It is necessary not to delay the timing and do it in early autumn, for planting it is better to use large-sized cloves.
To avoid unwanted diseases and rot, it is necessary to carry out the prevention of cloves intended for planting, for this they are soaked in a very weak solution of potassium permanganate or in a solution of the drug "Maxim" for bulbous.
Garlic loves loamy and sandy loamy soils that are rich in humus. It is advisable to place the beds in the direction from north to south, the distance between the rows should be about 40 cm, and between the garlic about 10 cm. The teeth should be planted to a depth of 7-10 cm. Before planting, it is necessary to water the rows abundantly and mulch them with sand.
Spring garlic is planted in the spring as early as possible, with the first exit to the garden, if you are a few days late with planting, then the yield of garlic will noticeably decrease.
Temperature setting for spring garlic
The yield of spring garlic is affected by the storage temperature. When storing garlic at a temperature of 18-20 degrees, its growing season is lengthened, and the bulb is formed quite large. But experience shows that garlic may not ripen and the bulb may not even have time to form. If the garlic for planting is stored at low temperatures, this will lead to a reduction in the growing season, but the bulb is formed at the same time.
Therefore, it is better to store spring garlic when temperatures change. First, store at a temperature of 18-20 degrees, and a month and a half before planting, reduce the temperature to 3-5 degrees. With this mode, the period from planting to germination is shortened, the growing season is averaged, which contributes to a better formation of bulbs and an increase in the number of covering scales. Thus, the shelf life of the garlic is increased.
The best results were obtained when planting cloves weighing 2 g. The teeth should be the same size. The area of plant nutrition is selected depending on the purpose of cultivation. For consumption, a slightly thickened planting of cloves in a row (about 4 cm from each other) is quite possible. To obtain seed bulbs, the gap in the row is made larger, up to 10 cm.
You should start planting winter garlic in the second half of September. When parsing garlic heads into teeth, try not to damage the covering scales, as the teeth with damaged upper scales will rot in the ground. It is also better to select the same teeth for planting.
After planting, it is advisable to sprinkle the soil with rotted manure or mature compost. In the spring, the mulching layer must be filled up after the soil has warmed up.
At the end of June, garlic plants shoot out (throw out arrows). They must be broken out regularly, do not allow them to stretch more than 10 cm. A plant that has gone into the arrow will give a smaller bulb. In addition, try to prevent the heads from overripe in the ground. In overripe garlic, the upper scales burst, teeth crumble in the head. Such heads cannot be stored.
Air bulbs - bulbs - are not capable of producing any garlic, this property is possessed by shooting winter varieties.
What is interesting about this breeding method? Garlic from bulbs grows very viable, much less affected by pests and diseases. Another good reason is the saving of planting material. Indeed, for planting, you have to spend almost a seventh of the harvest.
The harvest from the bulb is expected for two years. With spring sowing, small garlic heads with one-toothed teeth are obtained by August. In the next season, large heads grow from them. In the south, many plant bulbs in September. The planting depth of the bulbs is 3-5 cm.
Before sowing, mark out the plot and use the hoe to make grooves of the indicated depth. Then lay out the bulbs, taking into account whether you will transplant them for the next year or not. If the transplant is not envisaged, then sow sparsely, no more than 3 cm between the air bulbs. For 1 running meter, 25-30 bulbs are required.
So, we examined the features of planting winter and spring garlic, as well as planting garlic with air bulbs. It has been proven that the phytoncides of this beneficial culture kill pathogenic microbes. In addition, garlic stimulates digestion, regulates blood circulation, and prevents the development of atherosclerosis. Grow this wonderful plant at home and be healthy!