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It is difficult to find a person who would never have heard of such a plant as hibiscus or, as it is often called in everyday life, the Chinese rose. However, few people know how to root a hibiscus from a cuttings correctly, which is extremely important for propagation.
- How to propagate a hibiscus flower: methods
- Selection and preparation of the cuttings
- How to root a tree-like hibiscus from a cutting in the ground
- How to root a hibiscus stalk in water
- Rooting hibiscus by cuttings in vermiculite
- Herbaceous hibiscus cuttings
How to propagate a hibiscus flower: methods
The Chinese rose is demanding on the choice of the place of growth, so it is important to provide the shrub with enough light, but at the same time protect it from direct sunlight.
If this is not done, burns may appear on the foliage. In general, drafts are unacceptable - they destroy the plant and too low temperatures.
Despite the exactingness of hibiscus, there are not so few methods of planting it, these include those indicated in the table.
|Seeds||The method requires special skill and is recommended only for experienced gardeners to use it.|
|Dividing the bush||To do this, it is enough to divide an adult shrub into parts so that each has a root.|
|Layers||By digging in a branch for its subsequent rooting.|
|Cuttings||The most common method, even a novice gardener can handle it.|
With both young seedlings and mature plants, it is important not to forget that Hibiscus is very picky about watering in the summer. By autumn, the amount of moisture should be reduced, and in the cold season - reduced to a minimum.
It is important to prevent the earthen coma from drying out, as this can adversely affect flowering and lead to foliage falling.
Selection and preparation of the cuttings
Depending on the variety, hibiscus can vary in color and size. But they all lend themselves well to propagation by cuttings, subject to certain rules. First of all, it is important not only to plant and root it correctly, but also to choose it.
So branches with at least several internodes are suitable for reproduction. However, taking a branch that is too large is also not recommended.
You need to cut the stalk with a sharp, pre-cleaned knife, and then sprinkle the cut with crushed coal to disinfect it. Then it can either be sent to wet sand for germination, or placed in water.
How to root a tree-like hibiscus from a cutting in the ground
Hibiscus has a strong root system, so the capacity must match the size of the seedlings. In addition, it is important to prepare the soil mixture in advance so that at first the plant develops in loose soil favorable for rooting.
The best potting mix is:
- Leaf and turf soil in two parts;
- Sand is one piece.
Before proceeding with planting, it is recommended to pour the mixture of soils with boiling water with a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection.
After the mixture dries out, fill the pot with it so that the earth covers a little more than half of it, a few centimeters of sand on top of it and stick the roots into the substrate.
To stimulate growth, it is recommended to cover the seedlings on top with polyethylene or a jar to create greenhouse conditions. It is important not to forget about watering, moisturize the substrate as it dries. After a few months, the germinated plant can be transplanted to a permanent growth site.
How to root a hibiscus stalk in water
Rooting a Chinese rose in water is a much easier and faster way. To do this, it is enough to prepare a jar of water, in which it is necessary to dissolve several tablets of activated carbon.
It is important to choose exactly dark-colored cans, if one is not at hand - just paint over the can with dark paint or wrap it with something to darken. This activates root growth.
After preparing the container, place the cut branches in the water and wait. At the same time, it is not recommended to change the water, it is enough to systematically top up it.
In this case, the water must be settled.
After the roots appear and grow up to 5 mm in length, proceed to planting. This is the optimal size for the flower to grow independently in the soil.
Some experts call a small disadvantage of this method the weakness of young seedlings. However, do not worry, the survival rate is still quite high.
Let's watch a video on how to properly root hibiscus from a cutting:
Rooting hibiscus by cuttings in vermiculite
In addition to water and a mixture of soils, gardeners use a porous material that has good air and water permeability - vermiculite for germinating seedlings of a Chinese rose.
This material provides quick penetration of moisture with its even distribution, which contributes to the fastest possible rooting of any flowers.
A large number of microelements of the material activates the germination processes, while the roots appear strong, and the seedlings have a high survival rate when transplanted to a permanent place of growth.
Another advantage of vermiculite is its sterility, unlike soil and sand, bacteria and fungi cannot grow in it.
In order for the rooting of cuttings to be successful, it is recommended:
- Prepare a container with good drainage by filling it with vermiculite of fraction 1-2 mm;
- Water, saturating the substrate with water, then wait a little for excess glass through the drainage holes;
- Place the prepared cuttings in vermiculite and lightly compact its seedling circle;
- Cover the container with plastic wrap or a jar and place in a warm, dark place. At the same time, it is important to systematically shake off large drops of condensed moisture from the jar or film so that they do not fall on the leaves of the seedlings;
- After the plant takes root, it is recommended to begin the period of its adaptation to new conditions. To do this, it is necessary to systematically remove the cover and air the seedlings;
- After a week or two, you can start planting seedlings in a permanent place of growth.
Vermiculite compares favorably with previous materials for germinating seedlings. It does not retain air and water and, what is important, cannot cause disease of the seedling or its damage by harmful fungi.
Herbaceous hibiscus cuttings
Herbal hibiscus belongs to hybrid varieties; it can be cut by cuttings only in early summer during the regrowth of shoots. So, before the first cold weather, the seedlings will have time to take root and the likelihood that the flower will survive the winter increases.
In order for grafting to be successful, it is recommended:
- On the day of disembarkation, in the morning, water the bush abundantly so that the water soaks the earthen lump. In the evening, you can proceed directly to the separation of the sprouts. It is recommended to choose young shoots that grow at the base of old bushes;
- Do not cut the shoot, but pull it out with a jerk to the side. The result should be a seedling with root buds or a white tint at the base;
- Cut off the top of the sprout, leaving some foliage;
- The base of the seedling is sprinkled with root;
- The new shrub hole should be filled with a mixture of brown high-moor peat, sand and charcoal. The mixture must be watered thoroughly;
- The stalk is planted and covered with a cut bottle on top until rooting. Additional watering is not necessary;
- It is recommended to remove the bottles for a few minutes every day. If it's hot outside, you should additionally spray the seedlings;
- After two and a half to three weeks, rooting occurs. Now it is worth starting to acclimatize the seedling. To begin with, it is recommended to open it daily for ten minutes, gradually increasing this time, tempering the hibiscus. On average, complete habituation to new conditions occurs within a week.
If the resulting plant appears weak at first, it can be tied to a peg. In this case, it is better to take a peg longer, for several garters.
Reproduction of hibiscus at home is a painstaking business, but does not require phenomenal knowledge.
We offer you to watch a video about reproduction by cuttings of Syrian hibiscus, herbaceous:
It is enough desire, attentiveness and a few hours of free time to get several from one beautiful flower and there, perhaps, a whole greenhouse, which will delight the eye.