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Cabbage is used in many culinary dishes, but it is almost impossible to find this vegetable dense and sufficiently fresh in winter. Therefore, many decide on their own, at home, to save this product.
For the process to be successful, it is important to know where to store the cabbage, which variety to use and what methods are used.
- Where to store cabbage in winter
- What varieties and heads of cabbage to choose for storage
- How to keep cabbage fresh until summer, in paper, in boxes, in a vegetable slide, with roots
- How to store cut cabbage in the refrigerator in cling film
- How to store cabbage on the balcony
- How to store cabbage in the cellar, video
- Diseases of cabbage during storage
- What to do with discarded heads of cabbage
Where to store cabbage in winter
To keep the cabbage heads in perfect condition during the winter period, it is important to follow the technological process.
The following premises are used as storage facilities:
- basement (cellar);
- ground depressions or pits;
- vegetable store;
- on the balcony (only insulated);
Many people store vegetables already cooked, for example, sauerkraut. Such cabbage is stored in barrels (storage place - cellar) or in jars, which can be left in the refrigerator for the winter.
The owner must choose the best option for himself, which will not cause unnecessary trouble, but at the same time will maximize the protection of the product from damage.
What varieties and heads of cabbage to choose for storage
Most often, different varieties of white cabbage are used for storage. Such species as Savoy, Brussels, colored, Peking and broccoli are not used for these purposes. These varieties quickly deteriorate, the only thing that can be done with them is to freeze them for a while.
However, not all white-headed varieties are suitable for long-term storage. It is worth using only mid and late ripening varieties.
|Medium ripeness varieties||Volgogradsky|
Due attention is paid to the condition of the heads of cabbage. If, upon examination, minor insect damage, cracks, bumps are found, then these forks are debugged in a separate pile for quick use.
From healthy heads of cabbage, the remainder of the stem should be cut off as much as possible so that it does not begin to grow in the future and does not start flower stalks. The leaves are removed to the penultimate layer, it is not worth removing the foliage completely, since it serves to protect the vegetable from decay.
After that, the product under the tap is washed with strong pressure to eliminate the remnants of sand, soil or insect pests under the leaves and stumps (you can use a shower for this). After washing, wipe the cabbage dry with any cloth.
The product is ready for storage, and now you need to decide on the method and place.
How to keep cabbage fresh until summer, in paper, in boxes, in a vegetable slide, with roots
There are many storage options.
Boxes. The easiest way is boxes or boxes, which are later lowered into the basement. The forks are folded in several rows, in each of the tiers there are five heads. The stump must be at least three centimeters long. The first row fits into the box with stumps up, the second row stumps down. Due to this arrangement, an air cushion is formed between the vegetables, and the heads of cabbage are constantly ventilated.
Wrapping heads of cabbage with paper. This method requires separate wrapping of each cabbage in newspaper or other soft paper completely so that there are no open places (you should not take colored paper, as there may be lead in the paints). The paper will not allow each fork to touch each other, such a layer serves as good thermal insulation, and protects the vegetable from moisture and light. The wrapped cabbage can then be put into bags and lowered into the cellar.
There are two ways to save with roots:
- The first method is clay processing. A chatterbox is prepared from clay: you need to take clay and mix it with water (proportion 2: 1), you should get a creamy mass. Cabbage heads are coated with this consistency so that there are no gaps. Then the product is left to dry outside, and it is arranged in the basement on wooden shelves. The same steps can be carried out when storing cabbage with a vegetable slide.
- The second option is hanging the heads of cabbage from the ceiling. This method is considered environmentally friendly and efficient. A solid wooden board is attached to the ceiling of the basement, into which nails are driven in at the same distance from each other. A small rope is tied to the stumps, the other end of which is attached to a nail. Thanks to this method, the product is constantly ventilated and easy to reach. If suddenly some vegetable starts to rot or hurt, it will be immediately noticeable.
Each option is good and helps to preserve the taste and health properties of vegetables.
How to store cut cabbage in the refrigerator in cling film
You can use the refrigerator as a storage space. To prevent the vegetable from spoiling, it is wrapped in plastic.
Follow the following scheme:
- For storage, you need to use only hard heads with tight-fitting green leaves.
- The stumps are trimmed to the lower foliage, or a couple of centimeters more.
- Sore or damaged areas are removed.
- The finished head of cabbage is wrapped with foil in three layers. For each fork, a film is taken, 300-400 millimeters wide. It is important that no creases appear during wrapping and no air remains, so that germs do not enter, which contribute to the decomposition of the product.
- Now the cabbage is sent to the vegetable container in the refrigerator. If the head suddenly freezes, it's okay, it does not lose its nutritional and beneficial properties.
You can also store cut heads, but the shelf life will be shorter (maximum 3 months). The half or quarter is wrapped tightly with foil and placed in the coldest part of the refrigerator. The disadvantage of this method is the drying of the edges, which should be cut off before use.
How to store cabbage on the balcony
In apartments, you can perfectly keep cabbage on the balcony until the summer months. The main thing is that the balcony is insulated and well glazed, otherwise the vegetables will freeze and deteriorate.
Before being sent to the balcony, heads of cabbage should be wrapped in foil or paper. Place the heads not tightly together, periodically turning them over and looking at them for damage. In winter, this procedure is carried out once a month, in the spring, twice as often. The damaged product is removed immediately so as not to infect the rest.
A basement is perfect for the preservation of vegetables. The main thing is to observe the temperature regime: the minimum temperature is not less than zero, the maximum is +2 degrees, and the humidity is from ninety to ninety-eight percent.
Another rule is not to leave food on bare ground, the heads of cabbage will begin to damp and rot. It is important to put wooden flooring on the floor or make hanging shelves. The surface should be treated with a soda solution, then overlaid on top with fern and burdock leaves. A layer of straw can be placed to prevent excessive moisture.
Put the heads of cabbage stumps up, this will protect them from decay. When laying out, do not forget about air circulation, therefore, spread the forks in several rows, in a checkerboard pattern. Cabbage will retain its presentability and will delight with its taste characteristics all winter and spring.
You can learn more from this video:
Diseases of cabbage during storage
Diseases are promoted by mechanical damage to the head, improper handling and transportation, invasion of pests. Diseases begin to develop at the end of the growing season and during storage.
|Name of the disease||Description|
|White rot||The outer leaves of the head are damaged. A disease appears due to the cultivation of a vegetable in a rainy period. Leaves begin to rot and a white mycelium forms. The disease kills the product within 14 days and can quickly infect other vegetables|
|Mucous bacteriosis||The consistency of the fabric deteriorates, it decomposes and becomes soft, acquires a rotten smell. Bacteriosis primarily occurs on slightly frozen and weak heads of cabbage. Decomposition accompanied by copious secretion of mucus and fluid|
|Vascular bacteriosis||Damage can occur at any stage of cultivation or storage. Bacteriosis immediately appears on the inner sheets, and spreads upward in a spiral|
|Gray rot||A gray plaque forms on the leaves, which consists of pathogenic spores and mycelium. In the future, sclerotia appear. The cause of the development of the disease is high humidity and temperature in the storage|
Any disease is dangerous for vegetables, and needs urgent elimination.
What to do with discarded heads of cabbage
In order not to put the spoiled head of cabbage in storage, you should immediately check the forks for suitability. Rot, impact sites, unripe sheets should be carefully removed, but so that a small base remains for the protective layer.
However, even after careful selection, you should look at the products, as some heads of cabbage can spoil over time. The wet parts of the cabbage are torn off, the heads themselves are dried, and again left for storage.
In the event that the head of cabbage is damaged more than half, it should not be stored.
If the cabbage has acquired dry or yellow leaves, then you should not store such a product further, this indicates the development of bacterial infection, which can damage other vegetables.
So, in order to preserve cabbage correctly and for a long time, it is worth adhering to simple rules.
As a storage, you can use a refrigerator, balcony, basement, storage rooms and other similar rooms. There are many storage methods, the choice is up to the owner.
To protect against decay, disease and spoilage, it is worth carefully examining the vegetables in advance and removing the damaged areas.
Let's watch another video about cabbage storage options: