The home plant lemongrass can be easily recognized by the characteristic subtle lemon scent that gives it its name. In the wild, there are whole thickets, which consist of lemongrass vines, one of the wild species of this plant.
- Home plant lemongrass: description and photo
- Lemongrass species
- Lemongrass decorative indoor - planting and care
- Breeding methods for indoor lemongrass
- Indoor flower with the scent of lemon: useful properties
Home plant lemongrass: description and photo
Lemongrass can often be found as a shrub form used to enclose a garden plot.
The external features that can be seen in almost any photo on the network include:
- Stems are long with scaly bark, can reach 3 cm in width;
- The leaves are simple, large and fleshy, ovoid in shape and dark green in color;
- Flowers are dioecious (with flowers of both sexes on different plants) or monoecious (with flowers of both sexes on the same plant). The color of the petals is white or pink;
- The fruits of garden forms are round, deep red, somewhat reminiscent of currant berries. There are often one or two seeds in one berry. They ripen in early autumn.
The garden form tolerates frost perfectly. The year of fruiting alternates with the year of the absence of berries, which are widely used in medicine.
In total, modern botany has from fourteen to twenty-five species.
However, two types of lemongrass are most commonly used:
- Chinese, or Far Eastern, is a perennial tree-like liana, which can grow up to 15 m in length. The bark of a young liana is distinguished by a yellow tint, which changes to brown with age. The root is cord-shaped, with a large number of adventitious. Traditionally, lemongrass can be seen in the Far East, along the rivers of the Amur and Sakhalin regions;
- Crimean, or zheleznitsa, is an endemic species that can be found exclusively on the territory of the Crimean peninsula. Prefers warm sunny slopes of rocky steppe areas, found on limestone outcrops. Outwardly, it is distinguished by elongated leaves that can grow up to 3 cm in length. It has a memorable lemon aroma, which is why its leaves are often used as tea leaves.
In addition to the Chinese and Crimean species, there are others, but these wild species are most famous.
Lemongrass decorative indoor - planting and care
The decorative form is unpretentious. It easily takes root in a new place after disembarkation.
The basic landing rules include:
- Correct selection of capacity - drainage holes must be present in the pot. The size of the container should only slightly exceed the size of the root;
- Before disembarking, it is imperative to pour a small amount of pebbles on the bottom;
- Garden land is not the best option for planting, it is recommended to purchase a special soil mixture;
- After the plant is planted, it must be watered abundantly and placed in a shaded, draft-free place.
- In order for the plant to take root well, it is important to follow the rules of care: to systematically loosen the soil, be sure to spray it in the hot season, and for the first month, make sure that the soil does not dry out.
Let's watch a video about growing lemongrass:
Breeding methods for indoor lemongrass
There are three ways to reproduce indoor lemongrass, which differ in the level of difficulty.
|From seed||Sowing is best done before winter, at least in spring. For this, it is recommended to prepare a seedling soil mixture in advance, into which the seeds are planted to a depth of 0.5 cm. Cover with paper and water daily. The first shoots should be expected in the second week. It is important to provide the seedlings with protection from direct sunlight and treat it several times with a light solution of potassium permanganate. After the formation of the third leaf, you can transplant the seedlings into a new container.|
|From cuttings||The tops of the young stems are best and should be cut in mid-summer. Cut cuttings are recommended to be placed in a growth stimulator (Kornevin) to activate root growth. After a few days, the cuttings are planted in pre-moistened sand, covered with film or cut bottles|
|From root suckers||For this, offspring are suitable, as far as possible from the mother plant. They are dug up and planted in pre-prepared containers with soil mixture. At the same time, it is important to do everything as quickly as possible, in no case should the offspring be stored in the air for a long time, this can negatively affect the state of the root system and lead to its death. During the first month, young seedlings need abundant watering and protection from direct sunlight, which can dry out the soil and leaves.|
When preparing the potting mix for planting seedlings, it is important to keep in mind that ordinary garden soil is not suitable for this plant.
Since its homeland is a different climatic zone with appropriate soils, it is better to purchase a special substrate that will best suit the needs of lemongrass.
Indoor flower with the scent of lemon: useful properties
In addition to aesthetic pleasure, lemongrass brings other benefits.
So, this plant contains:
- A number of organic acids, refreshing agents, vitamins C and E, sugars;
- Macro- and microelements such as cobalt, zinc, magnesium, copper, iron, manganese, aluminum and calcium, which are concentrated in leaf blades;
- Biologically active substances - schizardrin and schizandrol;
- Fatty oils that are present in the composition of the seeds.
The most valuable for modern medicine are biologically active substances that are present in the composition of the plant. Their main advantage is a beneficial effect on the activity of the liver and stimulation of the functioning of the cardiovascular and nervous systems.
To replenish the daily requirement of these elements, it is enough to consume 50 g of berries.
As early as the 5th century BC, the refreshing effect of the Chinese fruit was known. Due to this feature, lemongrass is often recommended for severe physical or mental stress, with prolonged depression as a stimulant drug.
Due to the beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, berries and seeds are often used for the treatment and prevention of anemia, hypertension, heart neurosis and nephritis.
A decoction of berries is used to normalize the processes of tissue respiration and lower the concentration of sugar in the bloodstream.
It is also used for the prevention of acute respiratory diseases, influenza, lowering the level of glycogen in the liver.
It is used as a tincture:
- Mix 20 g of berries, 10 g of mashed seeds and pour 100 ml of vodka;
- Close the resulting mixture tightly and transfer to a cool, dark place for a week and a half;
- After the tincture is ready, it is filtered and drunk 25-30 drops before meals.
Due to its rich composition, this plant is used in both traditional and alternative medicine. In addition, Schisandra extract can be found in cosmetic products and is often added to masks to achieve a refreshing effect.
Schisandra is a house plant that can be found both in the house and in the garden. It has a delicate lemon aroma, which is why it got its name. Due to the richness of its composition, it is widely used in medicine and used in cosmetology.
Read more about the healing properties of the plant - in the video: