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Spathiphyllum is a houseplant of the Aroid family. He belongs to those representatives of the flora, which, with proper care, can delight with their flowering throughout the spring-summer period.
In order for spathiphyllum to become a highlight of your interior and bring harmony to the family, you need to learn how to properly water spathiphyllum at home.
- How to water spathiphyllum at home
- Watering intensity depending on the season
- How to water spathiphyllum during flowering and after transplant
- Does the plant need feeding, what fertilizers to use
How to water spathiphyllum at home
Although the flower is unpretentious in its care, which attracts ordinary people who want to decorate their home, and novice florists, the humidity conditions are of no small importance to it.
Watering directly affects the flowering process and the appearance of the spathiphyllum. If there is not enough water, the leaves of the flower will fade, and their corners will sink down.
Basic rules for watering:
- the main principle of watering is its rare holding with an abundant volume of water (1 p. in 3 days, if the soil is already a little dry). Usually, the need for the procedure is indicated by the descending leaves of the spathiphyllum. If after 5-7 minutes. the container under the pot is dry, then there was not enough liquid and it was necessary to increase its volume;
- when performing manipulations to moisten the earth in a pot, i.e. plant roots, it is necessary to take into account the season, as this changes the humidity and temperature of the room. This is reflected in the amount of water used and the number of irrigation procedures;
- the soil in the pot should always be slightly damp. If the soil is completely dry, then you missed the time for the required action;
- for irrigation, you need to take clean and soft water, the chlorine content in which is minimal. 2-3 days before manipulation, it is poured into a container so that it settles. Various filters can be used to remove harmful impurities that can corrode the roots;
- the water must be warm (18-23 degrees);
- water the flower in a thin stream in a circle so as not to cause cracking of the soil layer or the formation of pits in it. In this case, it is better to use a watering can with small holes. If water flows into one place, then this will eventually cause the root system to be exposed;
- flower leaves should be wiped daily with a damp cloth or sprayed (1-2 p. depending on humidity conditions). The neighborhood of a decorative fountain or humidifier will not be superfluous;
- too frequent watering also negatively affects the state of spathiphyllum, which is reflected in the yellowing of its leaves or the appearance of brown spots on their surface. Constant presence in waterlogged soil will lead to stagnation in growth and gradual decay of the plant.
Some florists advise watering through a pallet, the height of which should reach the middle of the pot. It is filled with water, and after 30 minutes. it is drained.
During hot and dry weather, the bottom of the pallet is covered with moss or sand to retain moisture, which will prevent the soil from drying out quickly.
Watering intensity depending on the season
As mentioned earlier, when carrying out the procedure for moisturizing the root system of a plant, it is necessary to pay attention to the temperature and humidity of the air, which have significant differences at different times of the year.
From December to February, the life processes of the spathiphyllum slow down, so it does not need moisture so much and watering is carried out 1 p. in Week. An exception is rooms in which switched on heating systems cause a dry microclimate. Therefore, the number of waterings can be increased to 2 rubles.
The flower will spontaneously begin to evaporate liquid from the surface of the leaves, which gradually normalizes the air humidity and the need for additional watering will disappear.
The procedure is recommended to be carried out in the morning with a moderate amount of water. Also, do not forget about spraying spathiphyllum leaves from a spray bottle. This will not only nourish it with moisture, but also clean the plant of dust that accumulates on its surface during the day.
If you have a room humidifier, you don't have to worry about additional watering in winter.
The summer months are characterized by hot weather and fairly low humidity, so the root system of the spathiphyllum needs careful moisture. Watering is recommended for 1 p. in 3 days (in the evenings) with an abundant amount of previously settled water. The number of rubbing and spraying the leaves also increases to 3-5 p. in a day.
An additional way to preserve moisture is to place a flower pot in a pallet, the bottom of which is lined with pebbles or expanded clay. These materials prevent rapid evaporation of water, ensuring sufficient soil moisture, even on the hottest days.
Spring and Autumn
These periods are characterized by various drops in air temperature, which is reflected in its humidity. Therefore, spathiphyllum is watered in the autumn and spring months, depending on the weather conditions. If the days are warm enough, then the volume of water is increased during irrigation. In the event of a cold snap, the number of procedures and the volume of water used are reduced.
How to water spathiphyllum during flowering and after transplant
In order for the plant to bloom and the flowering period to last as long as possible, bringing beauty and harmony to your home, it is necessary to regulate the soil moisture in the pot.
In this case, the following rules should be observed:
- when spraying, it is important that drops of water do not fall on the flower itself;
- if flowering began in spring, then the volume of water used for irrigation is regulated depending on the indoor microclimate conditions. In summer, spathiphyllum is usually watered more often and with an abundant volume of liquid;
- one must not forget that the water must first be purified or defended and during irrigation its temperature should be from 18 to 23 degrees;
- prevent excessive stagnation of water at the bottom of the pot.
Spathiphyllum transplant is carried out annually in the spring, while the flower has not bloomed yet. The room temperature should be at least 20 degrees.
The life span of a plant at home is from 3 to 10 years, therefore, after 5 years, a flower transplant is allowed 1 p. in 2 g. The capacity for the growth of spathiphyllum is selected not very large, since the presence of excess space causes a reduction in the flowering time. This is because the plant will tend to grow foliage.
After the spathiphyllum has moved to a new pot, it needs to create conditions of high humidity.
This will ensure rapid acclimatization of the plant and entry into the flowering phase. For this purpose, it is recommended to wrap the container with a flower in a plastic bag to make it look like a greenhouse. A hole must be made in the bag to provide ventilation.
Watering is carried out 1-2 p. per day. In the absence of such a greenhouse, the leaves of the flower need to be additionally sprayed several times a day.
Does the plant need feeding, what fertilizers to use
Like any plant, spathiphyllum needs feeding to protect its roots from various pests.
The procedure is carried out as follows:
- after transplantation, fertilizers are not applied for 1.5 months;
- at the end of the term, it is spent 1 p. in 2 weeks (warm season) and 1 p. in 30 days (winter period). At a room temperature of 16 C, feeding is not carried out;
- before and after the procedure, the plant is thoroughly watered with warm water to prevent root burns and even distribution of nutrients;
- feeding is carried out with organic and mineral fertilizers that do not contain lime;
- dry additives are diluted in a proportion of 1 g per 1 liter of water, and liquid additives - according to the dosage specified in the instructions;
- in conditions of hot days, feeding is carried out in the evening hours, when the temperature drops;
- the liquid should not get on the foliage and the flower itself, as this will lead to their burn;
- fertilize spathiphyllum by the foliar method;
- if a plant has a disease, then it is necessary to eliminate the problem and only after 2-3 weeks feed it.
For spathiphyllum, fertilizers based on nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus are used. Potassium is a regulator of water balance and ensures the transport of nutrients to the foliage from the roots.
Taking part in the synthesis of ATP and phytohormones, phosphorus accelerates the onset of flowering and maturation. Both components contribute to the increase of plant resistance. Lack of nitrogen is reflected in slower growth or lack of flowering.
Also, the mineral complexes include the following elements:
At home, foods such as yeast, banana peels, tea leaves, whey, and coffee grounds are suitable fertilizers.
The following microbiological complexes can be purchased in specialized stores:
They cannot be used in conjunction with mineral supplements.
The most popular brands in the fertilizer market are:
- Mister Color;
- Garden of Miracles;
- Green house;
Timely feeding will help prevent disease in your flower and provide it with the nutrients it needs for normal growth and timely flowering.
Many single women are trying to get spathiphyllum in the hope of finding their happiness, but not everyone thinks about proper flower care.
Proper watering will be the key to creating a beautiful interior in your home and achieving your desired goal.
When buying a flower, be sure to consult with the seller about the rules for caring for it.
You can learn more about caring for spathiphyllum by watching the video: