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Fenugreek what is it, medicinal properties, how to grow on your site

Fenugreek what is it, medicinal properties, how to grow on your site



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For many centuries, mankind has carefully selected from plants growing in the wild, suitable for food and treatment, and use as seasonings. One of these favorites is fenugreek. Fenugreek has long been used in different countries, and it has quite a lot of names, these are: fingurek and helba, chaman and mushroom grass, Greek syllable and cocked hat, there are also quite mysterious ones - shambhala and philosophical clover.

Content:

  1. Types and varieties of plants
  2. Health benefits
  3. Diabetes care and prevention
  4. We use helba for weight loss and fight against cellulite
  5. What is fenugreek in cooking
  6. How to grow on your site

Types and varieties of plants, what is blue fenugreek and hay

India is considered the homeland of the most ancient culinary seasoning, the ancient Greeks, actively cultivating this plant, contributed to its spread in European countries. Today, helba is industrially cultivated all over the world; it can be seen in the wild in the countries of Central Asia.

The official name of fenugreek is Trigonella, biologists attribute it to the family of Moths or Legumes. The originality of the aroma of the herb is given by the coumarin present in it.

There are about 130 different types of trigonella, the most common are:

  • Mediterranean blue, it is widespread in European countries, attracts with a pronounced aroma, in cooking, its crushed leaves are used in the manufacture of "green cheese", ripe seeds and flowers are used as spices.
  • Greek, or hay, is cultivated in Iran and Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, in Eastern Europe. This type of plant is appreciated for its medicinal properties, it is harvested and used in pharmacology, as an initial ingredient in medicines, or as a component of herbal preparations.

Hay fenugreek is also revered as a powerful aphrodisiac and is included in complex seasonings used in cooking.

In terms of taste, both plant species are not much different.

Health benefits

In the composition of the plant, chemists secrete a lot of elements that are extremely useful for humans.

Its leaves, stems, flowers and fruits are the source of:

  • folic acid
  • vitamins PP, C, A and B
  • potassium, phosphorus and calcium
  • magnesium and iron
  • amino acids and polysaccharides
  • phytosterols and carotenoids

Saturation with these components gives the plant healing properties, in particular, the ability to:

  • heal the nervous system and normalize the work of the cardiovascular system, normalize metabolic processes in the body, have a beneficial effect on the condition of the articular tissues
  • reduce the risk of developing diabetes
  • improve immunity, relieve diseases of the genitourinary system and kidneys
  • stabilize the digestive tract, enhance the body's regenerative abilities, normalize the distribution of body fat
  • improve psycho-emotional state
  • maintain a slim figure
  • neutralize toxic substances entering the body, improve the state of memory, increase attentiveness
  • ensure the quality of vision, enhance resistance to stress, accelerate the process of converting fats and carbohydrates into energy necessary for human life
  • activate the process of hematopoiesis and improve mood
  • normalize the state of water balance and saturate cells with oxygen

In addition, the phytosterols present in fenugreek help to increase immunity, flavanoids - stabilize the work of the heart muscle, work as antioxidants. Polysaccharide substances - stabilize the activity of cells and ensure the elimination of toxins from the body.

The composition of the herb, enriched with iron, is a source of health and beauty of the skin, hair and nails; trigonella is recommended for the treatment of all skin diseases.

Its saturation with magnesium helps to normalize blood pressure, increases the body's endurance, and provides high-quality nutrition for brain cells.

The correct intake of medicines, which include fenugreek, will help you forget about edema, constipation and hemorrhoids.

If desired, the list of useful properties of trigonella could be continued further. In the old days, she was revered as a medicine that helps get rid of a hundred diseases. Popular articles and serious scientific works have been written about the healing properties of fenugreek. Each of them clearly traces the thesis that mankind has known about the beneficial properties of fenugreek for a long time.

Moreover, it is useful for males and those who belong to the beautiful half of humanity, its use will support the health of people suffering from various ailments and protect those who are absolutely healthy from diseases.

Through clinical studies, it has been proven that a daily intake of tea with philosophical clover will automatically restore health, taking it for two months will allow you to permanently part with some chronic diseases.

Of course, the use of fingurek as a medicine requires compliance with some rules, the course of prophylactic administration should not last more than 6 weeks in a row, and treatment should be carried out in courses, taking two-week breaks.

It will not be superfluous to get approval from your doctor before starting treatment.

Diabetes care and prevention

Fingurek is recognized as an effective remedy for diabetes, capable of supporting a sick body and protecting a healthy one. Taking it helps lower blood sugar levels and stimulates the production of insulin.

Fenugreek preparations reduce the resistance of cells to insulin, the problem with this phenomenon is the resistance of cells to insulin, which prevents its effective use. This situation leads to the appearance of glucose deficiency and starvation of each cell.

Thanks to fenugreek, the pancreas restores the ability to regenerate its own cells, and normal metabolic processes in the body are also restored.

Activation of the processes of removal of toxins and toxins has a positive effect on the patient's condition, slowing down the process leads to the loss of insulin receptors by cells and the loss of the ability to take glucose from the blood.

The preventive role is to increase the elasticity of blood vessels and enhance blood microcirculation, this prevents the development of diabetes mellitus.

Also, patients are noted:

  • normalization of the digestive system
  • a decrease in the level of hepatosis of the liver, which consists in the accumulation of adipose tissue cells by the liver (this phenomenon is common in diabetes)
  • reducing stress levels, which is recognized as one of the main culprits in diabetes

We use helba for weight loss and fight against cellulite

Nutritionists have confirmed that the plant can be used by those who are overweight. Its composition has a beneficial effect on the standing of the immune system, strengthens the nerves, softens the effect of stressful situations.

Tea or a decoction of trigonella has a tart taste, leading to a balanced taste. The presence of a large amount of fiber allows you to get a feeling of fullness, which will prevent eating too much food. The body receives an incentive to activate the cleaning of the body from toxins and toxic substances.

As a result of the effect of fenugreek on fat cells, excess weight is gradually lost. The calorie content of plant seeds is 36 kcal per 1 tablespoon.

Tea is an excellent remedy for people seeking to lose weight. Helba, the so-called Egyptian yellow tea, tastes good and is acceptable for all ages.

To give elasticity to the skin, and at the same time to get rid of cellulite, simple procedures that can be performed at home will help. The savings in money spent on cellulite can be substantial.

And all you need is:

  • grind the seeds
  • pour boiling water
  • cool to body temperature
  • apply to problem areas of the body
  • cover with plastic wrap and apply fixing bandages

The duration of the procedure is 1 hour. It should be repeated twice a week, after a couple of months you can enjoy the obvious results.

Fingurek in cooking

In traditional oriental cuisine, and especially in the cuisine of the peoples of the Mediterranean countries and India, helba is of great importance, its seeds are an invariable component of the most popular spices, such as chutney, curry, hop-suneli. They are an essential ingredient in the traditional Indian dish dhala.

The seeds contain a special substance, galactomannan, or fenugreek gum, which is a natural thickener, stabilizer and gelling agent; naturally, this product is extremely demanded in the food industry, its presence in products is designated by the E417 code.

Not only seeds, but also shoots and inflorescences differ in excellent taste. They are used for making soups, sauces, main courses, salads. An original taste combination is obtained by combining with vegetables, beans and mushrooms. In Egypt, it is customary to cook salads with sprouted seeds.

Moderate amount of seasoning imparts a light nutty or mushroom flavor to the food.

Helba is used as a flavoring additive in the baking industry and to give a unique flavor to cheeses.

Also common and popular is Egyptian yellow tea, the so-called. tea of ​​the gods, it is distinguished by high healing properties.

In Turkey, fenugreek is considered the best seasoning for meat, in particular for national basturma. Greeks eat seeds with honey as a dessert dish; Americans season them with sandwiches and tapas.

How to grow on your site

Since interest in fingurek can appear in every person who has learned what fenugreek is and who cares about his health, it makes sense to figure out whether it is possible to grow it on his own, for example, at his summer cottage.

To the delight of amateur gardeners, it should be noted that the plant is not afraid of dry weather, it can withstand cold weather, its seeds ripen early. The soil for cultivation will require fertile, loose, well-cultivated soil.

To increase the fertility of the plant, lime can be added to the soil before planting. A site for planting seeds should be chosen protected from the wind, but well-lit by the sun's rays.

With the onset of spring, seeds are sown in the prepared soil, sowing is recommended in April. The sowing depth is about one and a half centimeters, the distance between plants should not be less than 10 cm. Seed germination begins at +10 C, but the optimum temperature for development is +20 +25 C.

After germination, you will need to make sure that the plantings are not thickened, if necessary, thin them. Flowering will begin in June, fruit ripening occurs in early autumn.

Watering the plants is carried out until the ovaries appear, then watering is reduced to a minimum and stopped altogether.

During the development period, you will need to take care of the beds: weed them and systematically remove all weeds.

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