The homeland of the kiwi is China, it was there that it was first seen, and from there it spread throughout the world. Kiwi can be grown as an ornamental plant, since its shoots visually very much resemble a juicy vine, and for the sake of tasty and juicy fruits.
The plant can easily be grown at home from a simple seed, and having provided it with all the necessary conditions, it will also regularly bear fruit. What kind of conditions the plant needs to provide, and what kind of care it just needs to figure out in the article.
- Preparing to plant a kiwi
- How to germinate kiwi seeds?
- The subtleties of plant care
Preparing to plant a kiwi
It is very important to properly prepare for landing in order to get the outcome you expect. The preparation includes several stages. First, try to find an unprocessed kiwi fruit. Only in this case will you be able to get seeds that will germinate in the future. Pay attention to the degree of ripeness - the fruit should not be unripe.
It is better if the kiwi is very ripe, even soft, but not spoiled. For planting, you will need a small mug or special pot in which the seeds will germinate. Plastic plates, paper towels, and a plastic container will also work.
These simple accessories can be used to build an excellent greenhouse.
Prepare the soil for the plant. In order for the kiwi to feel as comfortable as possible, you need to mix peat, perlite, vermiculite and organic fertilizers in equal parts. A plant planted in such a soil mixture will thank you with fast growth and a bountiful harvest.
It will take a lot of sunlight to germinate the kiwi. If there is not enough of it, the plant may not emerge at all. Therefore, if you are planting kiwi in the winter, provide it with additional lighting.
How to germinate kiwi seeds?
Inside the fruit there are a huge number of small seeds that are practically invisible, and are always eaten with the fruit. But, from them you can grow a beautiful large plant, if you follow the correct sequence of actions. In order to separate the seeds without damaging them, you need to gently knead the pulp of the fruit, and dilute it in a glass of water at room temperature. Stir. At the same time, the seeds will float up, they need to be carefully collected and dried.
The second stage is seed germination. To do this, take a small cup, pour in quite a bit of warm water, and add dry seeds there. Moisture is the only thing that is needed for small sprouts to hatch from the seeds.
The seeds need to stay in water for about 7 days. This period is enough for the seeds to be saturated with moisture and ready for germination. During this week, you need to replace the water 2-3 times with fresh water, so as not to breed additional bacteria. When the seeds start to open, they should be moved to a small greenhouse.
To do this, take a paper towel, dampen it with water, and place it on the bottom of a plastic or regular plate. Transfer the seeds to a wet towel on top, and cover them with a plastic container on top. This will create an imitation of a small greenhouse, and the seeds will begin to grow even faster. Place the greenhouse in a sunny place, and within a few days the seeds will begin to grow actively and will be ready for full planting.
Take the prepared soil mixture, moisten it a little, carefully pour the seeds upstairs, and sprinkle with dry soil literally a few millimeters. After planting, the kiwi must be carefully watered. We recommend that you do this with a spray bottle, which will help to avoid overflow and moisturize the soil evenly over the entire area.
Next, place the bowl in a warm and sunny place. Remember, kiwi comes from warm countries, so you need to create the most similar conditions for it. As soon as the first leaves appear on the surface, kiwi need to be planted in separate pots, where they will live for the first time.
Medium to large pots should not be preferred in the hope that you will not need to replant the plant longer. This opinion is erroneous, if the pot is large and there is a lot of soil, the root system begins to actively develop, and the outer part of the plant practically does not grow. Therefore, it is very important to choose a pot that matches the size of the plant.
The subtleties of plant care
There are a few more subtleties that you need to know when growing kiwi at home. In order for the plant to bear fruit, you need to have female and male plants. An exception is the only variety called "Jenny".
Video about growing kiwi from seeds:
The plant does not like dry soil, therefore you need to carefully monitor the level of moisture in the soil in the pot. At the same time, overflow and the formation of a swamp can lead to rotting of the root system, and the death of the plant.
Many housewives like to take plants outside or on the balcony for the summer. Remember, kiwi does not tolerate winds. In addition, a sharp drop in temperature, which is often observed at night, can destroy the plant. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor the ambient temperature so that the plant does not feel bad.
In order for the kiwi vine to always be healthy and look beautiful, you need to regularly feed the plant with organic fertilizers. Top dressing is recommended in the spring, 2-3 times, so that the plant receives the maximum amount of nutrients during the growing season of the plant, and do not fertilize the kiwi during the formation of fruits.
You can pick the fruits when they are easily separated from the vine - this is the main sign that they are ripe. It is also recommended to apply a layer of mulch around the plant in the form of cut grass, straw or tree bark. This will significantly reduce the amount of weeds around the kiwi and improve the drainage of the plant.
As is clear from the article, it is not at all difficult to grow kiwi from seeds at home. To do this, it is enough to adhere to certain rules for caring for the plant and properly prepare for planting it.