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A bamboo grove will decorate any garden area, giving it an exotic look. Bamboo can be grown in temperate climates by choosing the right variety. You need to get serious about the matter, learn how to care for bamboo, what rules should be followed when planting it.
- Types of bamboo
- Growing seedlings
- Choosing a place for planting and planting seedlings
- How to care for young bamboo
Types of bamboo
There are over a thousand different varieties of bamboo. All of them can be divided into two main types. One of which has the appearance of a herbaceous plant, the other has a straight trunk and more resembles a tree. For Russian climatic conditions, frost-resistant varieties are more suitable. Frost-resistant bamboo is classified as an evergreen; its leaves retain a fresh green appearance even in the coldest winter.
The plant can grow in regions with a temperate climate and high air humidity. High frost-resistant bamboo Phyllostachys is especially popular among Russian gardeners.
The plant is not demanding on the soil and can grow even on sandy and clay soils. The bamboo of this variety reaches impressive sizes: from 4 to 7 meters. There are also undersized varieties. They are used to create hedges, organize a Japanese garden, and form the shore of a reservoir. Among the low-growing plants, the Kuril saz is referred to as frost-resistant, and the Fargedia is brilliant. Low-growing bamboos do not grow taller than 2.5 cm.
Before planting the plant in open ground, you need to germinate the seedlings. For planting seeds, take wide boxes. Specially prepared soil is placed in it. It is better to take soil for planting from a greenhouse, wood ash and crushed sawdust are added to it. Seeds also require special preparation:
- seeds peel
- dried in the sun for 1.5 hours
- seeds are soaked in a saucer of water for 8 hours
- drained and planted in the soil
The seeds are deepened into the ground by 3 cm. After planting, they are watered. The first shoots will appear in two weeks. It should be noted separately that not all planted seeds germinate. Germination rate when grown from seeds is low, it is only 25%. Therefore, it would be more expedient to purchase ready-made seedlings in the store.
Choosing a place for planting and planting seedlings
Bamboo should be planted in a lighted area. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that the plant does not tolerate direct exposure to scorching sunlight. This can dry out the bamboo. It is very important to ensure that the plant always has plenty of moisture. Bamboo has very fragile stems, strong winds can break them.
Therefore, when choosing a place for planting plants, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the selected area should not be blown by winds. The ideal place is the area along the fence. It is worth starting to transplant seedlings when their growth reaches about half a meter. It is necessary to plant a plant in open ground in the spring, when the soil warms up enough. It is very important that the seedlings are not threatened by night frosts on the soil.
Bamboo grows very quickly in order to suspend the development of the root system; sheets of metal or plastic are dug in along the perimeter of the planting holes. This will prevent the roots from growing throughout the garden area. Bushy bamboo is planted 60 cm apart. Larger species should be at least one and a half meters away.
To plant a seedling, a planting pit is being prepared, it must be roomy. The volume of the hole should be twice the volume of the root system of the plant being planted. A mixture of soil, compost and humus is placed at the bottom of the pit. Next, they start planting a seedling:
- the seedling is placed in the center of the pit
- fill the soil and compact it so that no air spaces are formed in the soil
- top up with the remaining soil
- water abundantly
- mulch with leaves, peat and hay
How to care for young bamboo
After the seedlings are planted in open ground, you need to take care of them. The main condition is abundant watering. Bamboo is a moisture-loving plant, it can die from a lack of moisture. Therefore, the first three months it needs to be watered regularly. Then two or three times a week will be enough.
From a lack of watering, the leaves will begin to curl, and with abundant watering, they will turn yellow.
For feeding, you need to prepare fertilizer. Prepare it as follows:
- nitrogen - 4 parts
- phosphorus - 3 parts
- potassium - 2 parts
The plant is fed in spring and summer. The third feeding is carried out in the fall, preparing the plant for winter. The fertilizer contains the same components, but in different proportions:
- nitrogen - 2 parts
- phosphorus - 4 parts
- potassium - 4 parts
The plant will stop growing and begin to prepare strength for the winter frosts. To prepare for the cold season, the soil with pine bark and leaves is mulched in the fall. The layer thickness should be at least 15 cm. In regions where winters are very harsh. Additional insulation is required. To do this, the bamboo stems need to be insulated with geotextiles. A well-prepared plant can easily endure even a very cold winter. Good results can be achieved if agrotechnical rules are followed.
Video on the proper care of decorative bamboo: