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Primrose: planting and caring for a plant in the garden


Since childhood, everyone has known the modest spring primrose flower. It is not for nothing that it was called the Greek word - first or primrose.Currently, breeders offer many gorgeous roses on tall stems, irresistible gladioli, bright dahlias.

However, a lot of attention is still paid to the modest primrose, and to this day it remains in demand, desired and popular spring flower in any flower garden and in the garden. Thanks to all the same breeders, primrose lovers are now available in many forms and varieties of this plant. We will try to find out what is remarkable about the primrose, planting and caring for which is still interesting to many lovers of primroses.

Content:

  • The history of primrose, where and when to plant it
  • Planting material and planting time of primrose
  • Primrose care in the garden

The history of primrose, where and when to plant it

Despite its modest appearance, primrose has been known to people for several thousand years. This plant is covered with many legends. It is believed that its flowers, resembling small keys due to a long tube, were dropped to the ground by St. Peter. And these keys are from the very real paradise. The gods of Olympus considered primrose a panacea for many diseases.

In England, from the 16th to the 19th centuries, there were whole clubs of admirers of this plant. New varieties appeared in this country every year. Even the rules and order of planting primroses in the garden were drawn up. Years of popularity gave way to years of calm. Only by the middle of the twentieth century, the plant again became very popular. The genus primrose is by far the most numerous genus of herbaceous perennial plants. In the wild, it grows:

  • on the territory of European countries
  • In South America
  • in Asian countries
  • on about. Java
  • in North America
  • on the Arabian Peninsula

When choosing a place for primrose, it is important to know that in nature the plant prefers wet places, very often it chooses the shores of water bodies.

Where to plant primrose

When choosing a place for planting a primrose on a site, it is better to give preference to places with a light shadow. In the open sun, these plants develop much worse in the garden. A corner of the garden, where the sun is only in the morning, is perfect. You can plant this plant under the crowns of fruit trees.

Taking into account the fact that many species of primroses settle near water bodies, then in the garden it is necessary to choose wet areas with good drainage. Water is especially important for primroses in spring. The best soil for almost all primroses will be fertile loams. Heavy clayey lands with stagnant water are not for them.

If the soils are too light and poor, then peat, humus are introduced into them before planting, leafy earth is added, everything is well dug up. Enough for 1 sq. m apply 15 - 20 g of complex mineral fertilizer, 10 kg of peat and leaf land.

Planting material and planting time of primrose

In amateur gardening, primrose is most often propagated by either sowing seeds or dividing the bush. In both cases, the best planting time will be the second half of summer - the beginning of autumn.

Some gardeners practice winter sowing of primrose seeds for seedlings or growing them in greenhouses with sowing in February, it is still better to sow primrose seeds immediately after they are harvested. This is due to the fact that primrose seeds lose their germination very quickly. Each month of storage reduces the number of seeds capable of germination by about 5%.

Thus, by February there will be no more than 40-50% of all seeds capable of sprouting. In order not to "lose" the primrose seedlings in the spring, you can sow it in a box, and dig the box in the garden. Fill the box with a mixture of 1 part sand, 1 part turf soil and 2 parts leaf humus.

Moisten the soil well. Sow seeds over the entire surface. Sow at the rate of five per one cm. In the spring, when the snow melts and the air warms up, the first shoots will appear.

If the winter was not snowy, and the spring was dry, the soil under the seedlings should be regularly moistened. At the stage of two true leaves, young primrose seedlings are planted. Small primroses should be planted at a distance of 10 - 15 cm. Large species should be planted at a distance of 20 - 30 cm. It is important that when growing, the rosettes of primroses close together, leaving no empty space.

In the first two winters after the emergence of primroses, they need winter shelter. Usually it is enough to cover them with a layer of leaves of 10 cm. The first flowers when propagated by seeds can be expected in the third year. Important! When using any seed propagation method, always keep some seed. This will make it possible to reseed the primrose again if something destroys the previous crops.

Reproduction of primroses by dividing the bush

The best time to divide a bush is late August or early September. The best age for dividing bushes is 4-5 years. Before being removed from the ground, the bush is well watered. Dig up and wash the roots. Divide into several parts with a clean knife. Important! Each part should have a kidney. The cut points are powdered with wood ash, and immediately planted in a well-spilled hole. You cannot keep primrose in the air for too long. Two weeks after transplanting, new bushes are fed with a universal mineral mixture.

Primrose care in the garden

Primrose does not require special care. Like many garden flowers she needs:

  • in loosening
  • in removing weeds
  • in regular watering

Taking into account the fact that primrose is enough in a short period, it should not only grow a rosette of leaves, but also give a flower, form seeds. Therefore, the plant must be fed at least three times during this time. The first spring feeding can be done with diluted slurry. To do this, dilute 1 liter in 10 liters of water and water each bush.

When two weeks have passed, you can water the plant with complex mineral fertilizer. At the end of July, the plant is fertilized with a phosphorus - potassium mixture. In addition, every year, under all primroses, you need to add a layer of fresh fertile soil. After a few years, primroses become too crowded on the site. The bushes of flowers begin to crowd each other, there is a struggle for water and fertilizer.

To avoid excessive thickening of the plantings, once every five years, primrose bushes need to be dug out, rejuvenating division should be carried out and planted. Among the primroses, there are species that bloom not in spring, but in summer. The basic principles of growing summer primroses are the same as those of spring primroses.

Video about growing primrose:


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