Euphorbia marsh, description, planting cultivation, its role in the garden and in folk medicine

Euphorbia marsh, description, planting cultivation, its role in the garden and in folk medicine

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Sometimes the most familiar, long-known and widespread plants, suddenly begin to be popular with flower growers and landscape designers. Such a peak of popularity is also planned for the marsh euphorbia plant. In addition, marsh euphorbia is used as a medicinal plant in folk medicine.


  • Description of the plant euphorbia marsh
  • How to plant euphorbia marsh in the garden, caring for it
  • The use of marsh milkweed for medicinal purposes

Description of the plant euphorbia marsh

Euphorbia is a perennial herbaceous species of the genus Euphorbia of the Euphorbia family. It has fairly thick, straight shoots. Their height is from 0.6 m to 1.0 m. If the shoot is broken, then white thick juice, with a sharp bitter taste, will emerge from the break. The juice is poisonous! The lower part of the stem loses leaves early and looks naked. The stem is strongly branched, the branches are both non-flowering and bearing peduncles.

Stems are thick at the base, thinning towards the top. The rhizome of the marsh milkweed is cylindrical, powerful, and long. Leaves are oval, elongated, slightly serrate. The leaf plates are gray-green, sometimes reddening, the leaves are almost sessile. On peduncles, flowers are collected in inflorescences of umbrellas, bracts are large, yellow-green. Euphorbia blooms in the second half of June and blooms for several weeks.

The fruit of the milkweed is a three-root, rather large, its length is up to 0.7 cm. It is able to cling to clothing and animal hair, like a burdock. Seeds are ovoid, smooth, 3-4 mm long. Ripen in late July - early August. The plant is widespread from the north of Europe to its south, in Siberia, in Asia. In the wild, it prefers humid and low places, flooded meadows, the shores of reservoirs.

The ability to grow in damp places gives the marsh milkweed an advantage over other plants when landscaping very humid places. In garden design, it is in good harmony with plants:

  • marsh iris
  • reed grass
  • aquilegia
  • tulips
  • bows

It is very beneficial to set off euphorbia conifers and trees in an artistic haircut. Low-growing varieties can be used as ground cover and curb. In many ornamental varieties, stems and leaves turn purplish-red during the fall. In addition to decorativeness, marsh euphorbia is used as a medicinal plant. Perhaps that is why the Latin name for milkweed is euphorbia, he received it in honor of the famous legendary physician of antiquity Euphorba.

How to plant euphorbia marsh in the garden, caring for it

When choosing a place on the site, it is important to remember that the spurge does not tolerate frequent transplants very well and will grow in one place for a long time.

Soil and lighting

Euphorbia prefers to grow in alkaline or neutral soils. If the land on the site is acidic, then additional lime or chalk will be required. In terms of mechanical composition, moist loams are most suitable. In good sunlight, the plant has a higher decorative effect than in partial shade, although it grows without any problems in shady places.

The plant tolerates dry periods quite well. It is enough to add peat or compost before planting and additional application of organic and fertilizers will not be required for several years. Enough 2 - 3 dressings per season with complex mineral fertilizer.

As a rule, it grows well in moderately fertile lands. Euphorbia propagates by seeds and vegetatively. You can get planting material by dividing the bush or by cuttings.

It is best to sow milkweed seeds outdoors in the fall. The site is dug up, peat, compost or humus is introduced, half a bucket per square meter is enough. m., as well as complex mineral fertilizers. Seeds are laid out in grooves and covered with 1 - 1.5 cm of soil. From above the bed is mulched with peat. Seedlings appear in spring, around the end of April.

Planting by dividing the bush and caring for the milkweed

This method is suitable for both autumn and spring. In September or April, the mother bush is divided into several parts. Each of them should have a pair of well-developed buds. Delenki are placed in planting pits and covered with soil. The distance between the plants should be 25 - 30 cm. If cuttings are used for planting, then after cutting they are allowed to lie down for several hours until the expiration of the milky juice stops. Rooted in a greenhouse.

The plant needs periodic loosening of the soil and removal of weeds. It is important to remember that milkweed juice is quite toxic, you need to work with gloves. In the fall, all dried and coarse shoots will be removed, usually they are chopped off with a shovel. Hibernates without shelter. Much attention has always been paid to the marsh milkweed as a medicinal plant.

The use of marsh milkweed for medicinal purposes

Fresh milkweed juice is used externally as a remedy against warts, freckles, age spots, dry calluses. It is enough to break the plant shoot and lubricate unwanted spots or wart with juice. Do this every day for 10 - 14 days. As a medicinal raw material, both ground parts and rhizomes are harvested. Laxative decoctions are prepared from the dried plant; they are also used as an antihelminthic agent.

A decoction of leaves and rhizomes has diuretic properties, and milkweed seed oil helps with liver diseases. In recent years, anti-cancer medicinal properties have been attributed to milkweed; in oncology, it alleviates the patient's condition, relieves pain. Here it is important to consult a doctor before starting an appointment.

Video on how to trim and use plants of the Euphorbia family:

Watch the video: Flowering Spurge (May 2022).