When growing cabbage for seeds, first of all, you need to check the condition of the head of cabbage, which will be the parent plant. Early cabbage seeds can be bought and grown independently at home. When buying seeds, you need to choose them carefully.
- How to choose early cabbage seeds
- Early cabbage varieties
- How to grow cabbage for seeds
- Harvesting early cabbage seeds
How to choose early cabbage seeds
First of all, you should only shop for seeds in specialized stores. The packaging must indicate the expiration date and the specific grade. The shelf life of cabbage seeds is five years. You also need to look at whether the variety is suitable for the local climatic conditions. It is advisable to purchase seeds in small quantities and from different producers. Thus, the risk of being left without a crop is reduced.
An important nuance is the resistance of cabbage to pests and diseases. This should also be considered when choosing. Cabbage can also crack, so the selected varieties must be strong and resistant. Seeds should be selected at the place of selection. It is better to purchase those varieties that were bred in the local region. To make sure that the seeds really belong to a particular variety, you need to check the quality certificate.
Early cabbage varieties
Before deciding which cabbage seeds will be planted, you need to familiarize yourself with the main varieties of early cabbage:
- Transfer is a hybrid white cabbage variety. Heads of cabbage have good density and light weight. The ripening period is 112 days.
- Malachite - is a hybrid variety, the ripening period of which ranges from 90 to 130 days. Heads of cabbage are small, weighing up to 1.5 kg, have a grayish tint.
- Kazachok is a hybrid variety that ripens for 95 days. Heads of cabbage with a milky tinge, do not like heat. This variety is considered the most cold-resistant.
- June - a variety, the ripening period of which is 90 days. The weight of the heads of cabbage is quite large - 2 kg. This variety is hardy enough.
How to grow cabbage for seeds
On heads of cabbage prepared for planting, you need to cut off all spoiled cabbage leaves. A cone with a diameter of 20 cm is left for landing. Care must be taken not to damage the upper bud of the head of cabbage. The prepared cones should be sprinkled with moist humus. Basically, only the root system is sprinkled. This is necessary to accelerate the full life of the mother plant. Of course, you can skip heating and immediately plant the head of cabbage in the ground, but in this case, the growth and development of cabbage slows down.
Further, cabbage stumps are planted in a garden bed at a certain slope. Around the planted root system, you need to water and carefully compact the soil. If the growth of the upper buds of the plant has begun, then this means that the cabbage root has taken root. Therefore, so that pests do not attack the cabbage, you can remove all the remnants of the cabbage leaves.
To form a sufficient number of seeds, the planted plant must be constantly watered and fed. After planting, the cabbage should be watered every three days for the first two weeks. For one square meter of planted cabbage, you need to spend 6-7 liters of water. All subsequent waterings should be done once a week. Abundant watering of early cabbage varieties occurs in June.
It is best to water the plant in the evening. In this case, the water temperature should be within 18 degrees. Also, this culture needs constant feeding.
First of all, cabbage is very demanding on potassium and nitrogen. The plant's need for various nutrients is determined with age. In the first period, fertilizing with nitrogen fertilizers is carried out, and during the formation of heads of cabbage, fertilizers should place a lot of potassium and phosphorus. Experienced gardeners are advised to apply organic fertilizers to the soil during autumn plowing.
You can also cover the ground with a small layer of grass. Cabbage grows well after its predecessors such as legumes, cucumbers, tomatoes, beets and potatoes. You can also feed the culture with a mullein solution. Each plant will consume about two liters of this solution. Do not forget about loosening and weed control. With the help of loosening, a favorable soil regime is created, which contributes to the active growth of the root system.
Loose soil prevents rapid evaporation of moisture, so the loosening procedure itself is best done after rain and watering. You can also loosen the soil after fertilization. The process itself is the creation of an earthen mound around the base of the stem. Loosening the earth around the plant is also called hilling. For the entire season, cabbage is spud about three times.
The first time loosening is carried out a week after planting. The second hilling of cabbage is done three weeks later, when weeds appear. And the last time you need to loosen the soil after another three weeks. The maturation period for early cabbage seeds is 40-50 days. Initially, it is necessary to cut off all the stems and leave the sheaves until fully ripe. Further, ripe sheaves of cabbage can be threshed.
Harvesting early cabbage seeds
When the seeds begin to ripen, they can be selectively selected without waiting for the entire bush to ripen. After threshing the seeds, they must be thoroughly dried. The average number of seeds per bush is about 50 g. Finished seeds should be stored in a warm room at a stable temperature.
The maximum shelf life of seeds varies within five years. Storage humidity should be 60%. The main thing is that during storage the seeds do not gain moisture. To do this, they must be placed in glass jars with tightly closed lids. It is advisable not to store seeds in plastic bags, as they can become moldy.
If there is excess moisture in the storage room, it can be removed with quicklime. You just need to put a few buckets of this substance on the floor. It is not scary if the room temperature is too low, because mold does not develop in such conditions.
Also, you should always remember that the seeds must breathe. Therefore, in order to improve gas exchange, packages with seeds need to be shaken periodically. The sowing quality of cabbage seeds depends on the climatic conditions in which they grew. If the weather was dry and sunny during planting, the seed germination will be at a high level.
Also, the age of the seeds also affects the amount of harvest. The younger they are, the better the harvest. The most optimal option would be to use seeds from the previous year's harvest.
Video about sowing cabbage with seeds: