Fatshedera lizei is an intergeneric hybrid, first cultivated in France in the early 1900s; born from the hybridization of Fatsia japonica X Hedera helix. It is an evergreen climber, quite vigorous, reaching 90-100 cm in height, but only if supported on a support, since it does not have the roots of ivy, more often it remains as a small shrub; it has thin, fleshy, semi-woody stems, not very branched, which bear large leaves with five lobes, dark green, leathery and shiny, with long flexible petioles; in autumn it produces small greenish flowers.
There are numerous cultivars with variegated or white-striped leaves. To contain the growth of the plant and to obtain a roundish habit it is necessary to prune the branches that tend to grow erect, cimandati throughout the year.
Fatshedera lizei plants, also known as false ivy, grow in any condition, from full sun to full shade, preferring semi-shady locations, with a few hours of direct light a day. They are generally grown as apartment plants, although they can withstand temperatures below zero, especially the plants already developed. So if you want you can put them in the ground in the ground, where they can be grown as climbers, as ground cover or as small shrubs. It is perfect for those who do not like having to care too much for plants because the false ivy is able to adapt easily to the environment.
To grow better the Fatshedera lizei plants it is advisable to water regularly, always allowing the soil to dry a little between watering them, but checking that it can maintain a slight degree of humidity; every 20-30 days, provide fertilizer for green plants, mixed with water for watering. Avoid water stagnation.
When temperatures are higher, it may be useful to spray water on the leaves to maintain a constant degree of humidity.
The specimens of false ivy are fairly rustic plants, which grow without problems in any soil; you can prepare an ideal substrate by mixing garden soil, with a little sand and a little balanced universal soil. For an ideal development repot the plant every year, above all with regard to the young specimens, increasing the diameter of the container by a few centimeters. When the specimens are adults, it is possible to repot them in alternate years.
This hybrid does not produce fertile seeds, therefore it propagates through the taking of semi-woody cuttings, in the summer period; the cuttings, 7-10 cm long, are rooted in a mixture of sand and peat in equal parts. It is good to keep the containers at a constant temperature, around 18 ° C and check that the soil maintains the right humidity.
Falsa ivy - Fatshedera lizei: Pests and diseases
It is generally not affected by pests or diseases. It is possible, however, that cochineals settle on the leaves, causing dark spots. To eliminate the problem, if it is limited, it is possible to proceed with an alcohol wipe. Otherwise it is also possible to wash the leaves with mild soap, which will then be carefully rinsed. In case of massive attack, it is good to use special insecticide products.