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What is a picking of seedlings, to make it or not?

What is a picking of seedlings, to make it or not?



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666Bet The guarantee of a high-quality harvest of vegetables, as well as abundant flowering of garden annual flowers, depends on the quality of the seed and on what kind of seedlings are grown. When growing plants through seedlings, a number of agrotechnical techniques must be observed:

  • watering
  • feeding
  • pick

Even a novice gardener understands that watering and feeding is vital for a young plant, as the root system is being formed and the intensive growth of green leaves is taking place. But what is a picking of seedlings and how necessary it is, not every gardener can accurately explain.

Content:

  • Picking
  • Seedling picking, pros and cons
  • How and when to make a pick

Picking

The term "picking seedlings" sometimes means different processes.

When growing seedlings of vegetables or flowers, the seeds are sown in shallow cassettes - nurseries, where the volume of land is very small and as it grows, it becomes necessary to provide the plant with more soil. Sometimes seedling boxes are used for seedlings, where, as the seedlings grow, it becomes cramped. In both the first and second cases, it becomes necessary to transplant plants. In this case, a pick is called planting young seedlings in separate pots with a volume of soil sufficient for further growth.

Also, picking seedlings is the removal of a part of the root from a plant, sometimes it is carried out when transplanting seedlings into individual containers or when planting in the ground.

The roots of young plants of the first three to four weeks of life are weak and thin, as a rule, they are represented by one tap root with root hairs. The ability of such a root to obtain nutrients from the soil is very limited. Most gardeners believe that removing the root tip, or picking, is a good incentive for its increased growth and the formation of lateral branches.

However, every year the number of opponents of picking grows, considering this procedure not only useless, but also harmful for seedlings.

Seedling picking, pros and cons

Picking or replanting seedlings in individual containers provides the growing seedling not only with a sufficient amount of soil, but also with more uniform lighting and a large amount of nutrients. In addition, the subsequent transplantation into the ground is carried out together with an earthen clod, which protects the roots from damage, and improves rooting in a new place.

But you should not make a pick with a limited number of seeds, especially rare varieties. In this case, it is better to immediately sow seedlings in individual pots of the required size, then additional transplantation is not required, which significantly reduces the risk of plant death due to unsuccessful picking actions.

Even more questions about preserving the viability of seedlings arise when part of the root is removed. This operation is quite difficult for the plant. In the absence of skill, it can become disastrous. However, if there is a threat of stretching and overgrowing seedlings, then root picking is necessary. This will first of all stop the growth of the ground parts, as well as in the future will serve the formation of a strong root system.

It is worth saying that not all plants tolerate picking equally, and for some it is simply contraindicated.

How and when to make a pick

Based on the foregoing, it is correct to consider the picking of seedlings not just a transplant, but a transplant with a simultaneous pinching of the root.

The timing of the picking of seedlings can be judged by the growth of seedlings. Most of the plants can be dived after the appearance of the third or fourth true leaf, but it is possible at a later date, when the seedlings already have five to six leaves. One day before the dive, it is necessary to stop watering the seedlings.

It is necessary to prepare in advance:

  • priming
  • cups, pots
  • spatula, table fork
  • scissors

For plants with a short growing period of seedlings, containers of 200 - 250 ml are suitable, but if the plants are planted in the ground rather late, then it is better to take larger cups, up to 500 ml.

Fill the cups with a spatula with moderately moist soil to 3/4 of the volume, make a hole. For a dive, it is convenient to use an ordinary fork. With its help, it is more convenient to dig in and get seedlings, and make holes with a handle. With small, sharp, clean scissors, cut off 1 - 2 mm of the longest root; it is more difficult to do this with your fingers, since the roots are usually thinner than the thread. Dip the roots into the hole, cover them with soil.

If the seedlings differ greatly in size, then the picking of the strongest specimens is first of all carried out, the rest can be left and grown in a common container before transplanting into the ground. This will also have to be done if there is not enough space to place the cups.

Seedlings of tomatoes, cabbage tolerates picking well, eggplant and peppers are worse, but sowing seedlings of cucumbers and melons is better immediately in separate containers.

Many gardeners use peat cups for individual sowing of seeds. Planting in the ground is carried out together with it, however, they have the peculiarity of not always dissolving well and restraining the growth of roots, so it is advisable to cut them from the side.

Each gardener decides on the issue of picking seedlings independently, perhaps it makes sense to leave some of the seedlings without picking, and then analyze in which case the development of plants was more successful.


Watch the video: How to save Leggy Seedlings u0026 Plants (August 2022).