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The advent of winter-hardy pears increases their popularity in hobby and industrial gardening.
Nowadays, thanks to selection, there are thousands of pear varieties. Among the breeders of Russia, the father and son of the Yakovlevs worked on new varieties of pears for a long time. Many of their varieties, such as Severyanka, pear in memory of Yakovlev, Lyubimitsa Yakovlev, are widespread in amateur gardens.
- Variety history
- Description of the variety
- Growing pears in the garden
The origin of cultivated varieties of pears was laid by the wild representatives of these fruit plants, which are common in many European forests. In the Russian Far East, the Ussuri pear, a hardy strong tree, grows. Work on the breeding of cultivars with the participation of the Ussuri pear as a parental form was carried out by the breeder Pavel Nikanorovich Yakovlev.
As a student of Michurin himself, he worked on varieties suitable for cultivation not only in the southern and central regions, but also in the Russian north, the Urals, and Siberia. As a result, varieties such as:
- Autumn Yakovleva
Pavel Nikanorovich's work was continued by his son Sergei Pavlovich Yakovlev. His father also noticed that the varieties obtained on the basis of the Ussuri pear get from it good resistance to scab, septoria, and brownishness. He worked in several directions at once:
- winter hardiness
- disease resistance
- keeping quality
- taste qualities
He received a grade in memory of Yakovlev, on which he began working with his father. Using the Ussuri pear varieties Tema and Olivier de Serre in addition to the pear, S.P. Yakovlev brought out an excellent variety in terms of the above qualities. Due to its merits, the Yakovlev memory pear is not only widely used by modern breeders, but has received recognition and love of gardeners.
Description of the variety
Yakovlev's Memory Pear has excellent early maturity. The tree will give its first harvest in the third year after planting in the garden in a permanent place. Every year the yield in Memory of Yakovlev is increasing. A tree older than seven years, with a rather modest crown size, gives more than 20 kg of fruit. An adult pear orchard made from trees of the Pamyati Yakovlev variety will yield more than two tons per hectare.
Fruit ripening occurs at the very beginning of autumn, which allows you to completely harvest the crop before the onset of frost. Since pears adhere well to branches and are not prone to premature fall, they are convenient to grow in both amateur and industrial gardens.
The high, up to 13%, sugar content in fruits makes these pears versatile, suitable for consumption both fresh and processed. Fruit weight from 130 g to 150 g, oval shape, widening downward, green color, with brown - red blush.
Unlike many varieties, it does not require a pollinator variety, since it has a high self-fertility. The short stature and modest size of the crown allow you to compact the planting, and place a larger number of trees in small summer cottages. The advantage of Yakovlev's memory pear is that their fruits tolerate transportation well over a considerable distance and keep fresh well for several weeks.
Not only experienced, but also novice gardeners can get a decent harvest of pears of this variety.
Growing pears in the garden
It is customary to grow the pear variety in Memory of Yakovlev on a frost-resistant rootstock, but in the southern regions of Russia it grows well and bears fruit on its own roots, practically not damaged by frost in the cold season.
The variety is successfully grown in the Moscow region, in the Oryol, Tambov, Voronezh and other regions, as well as in Ukraine and Belarus.
The rules for planting and caring for a variety do not fundamentally differ from the cultivation of other varieties. Pear trees are quite demanding on lighting and soil composition. Therefore, it is advisable to choose a place protected from the wind on the south side. If the soil on the site is poor, then the planting hole must be filled 2/3 with a mixture of garden soil with humus.
The diameter of the hole is up to 100 cm, the depth is up to 70 cm. Before planting, the roots of the seedling are lowered into a clay chatterbox, after which they are installed in the hole and covered with soil. The root collar should remain above the ground at a distance of about 5 cm. After planting, spill the seedling with a bucket of water.
In the first three years, the plant undergoes formative pruning. A significant advantage when growing a pear Yakovlev's memory is its resistance to diseases, which does not require additional treatment of the plant with drugs for diseases. It is worth remembering that groundwater is detrimental to the root system of pears.
Subject to simple agrotechnical techniques, after three to four years, the pear variety will please the memory of Yakovlev with the first sweet fruits.
Video description of a pear variety in Memory of Yakovlev: