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Golden beans: description, cultivation and diseases


Beans are one of the most ancient crops and are widespread throughout the globe; in our regions, multicolored, common and lima beans are often grown. The most common is ordinary, which is divided into vegetable varieties (they do not have coarse fibers and parchment layer), semi-vegetable varieties (contain coarse fibers) and shelled varieties (not fleshy, tough with a high fiber content).

Content:

Golden beans

Golden beans or mung beans or mung beans, a legume that originated in India, is actually green in color. In India, many traditional dishes are made from it, pasta, which is then used as a filling, and even desserts.

But golden beans are popular not only in India, but also in Asia, Korea, Japan, where they are eaten whole, sprouted and shelled. A special noodles and a gelling component are also made from mung bean. It is considered a light food that promotes meditation and intellectual activity. It is not so popular with us, although it deserves attention, since there is nothing better for dietary nutrition.

Mung beans are rich in vitamins, dietary fiber, various minerals, including phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron, potassium, etc. They also contain vitamins B6 and carotene, which are most valuable for the nervous and immune systems. The beans are very satisfying and tasty when properly processed, they are composed of 50% starch, 28% protein, 4% fat. Beans are often fed to livestock as well, as they are nutritious and well accepted, and they help to increase milk yield.

It is recommended to store green beans for subsequent sowing and processing in a cold place, where it is dry enough, mixing the beans with garlic and dried mint in order to protect the raw material from diseases and any harmful living creatures.

Growing

Golden beans are a tall plant that also winds, with a lowered aerial part, therefore, they require a support. It should be borne in mind that it is a thermophilic plant, therefore it is difficult to grow in the northern regions.

The vegetative period of golden beans is from eighty to one hundred and ten days, so they need to be sown in the garden as soon as the ground warms up (it should be at least 12 degrees) and it will be clear that frost on the soil does not threaten. It is advisable to add organic matter in the fall, to the place where mung beans will be planted, in this case it will be possible not to fertilize the culture. The beans will need potassium and other fertilizer. Mung beans need to be watered regularly, they do not tolerate droughts, it is better to do it more often but with less moisture than rarely flooding the plants.

The culture grows well in places where tomatoes, root crops, and potatoes were previously grown. It is not necessary to sow where legumes previously grew, common microbes and pests of legumes can remain in the ground.

Seeds are buried to a depth of at least four centimeters, between the beans you need to keep about twenty centimeters of distance, and between the rows - about forty centimeters. It is advisable to soak the seeds for ten hours before sowing, and then place them in wet wipes for germination, or if you plan to sow a large number of seeds, place them in wet bags. It is also worth adding products containing tuberous bacteria and micronutrient fertilizers, which contain molybdenum and boron, to the soaking water.

If the temperature of the soil is suitable, there is enough moisture, then after a few days the sprouts will appear on the surface of the earth. It should be ensured that a soil crust does not form on the ground, it must be removed by loosening, a month after the mass emergence of seedlings, inter-row cultivation must be done.

It will be necessary to constantly loosen, huddle the plants and remove the weeds, the latter is especially important for harvesting, since the ripening of the beans is stretched over time, it is necessary to harvest the already ripe pod while leaving the others, and it will be difficult to do this in the green of the weeds. To facilitate your work in the fight against weeds, it is better to add a herbicide in the fall, and in the spring to spray the soil with an anti-weed preparation, after the emergence of bean sprouts, the poison can no longer be used.

Diseases of the golden bean

We can say that mung beans are not particularly susceptible to diseases, but you can encounter anthracnose, especially it spreads easily with a thickened planting and high humidity.

Anthracnose is a disease caused by imperfect fungi. Sick plants become covered with ulcers and dark spots, which merge as the disease develops, the leaves turn brown, curl, dry out and then fall off. Anthracnose attacks the entire aerial portion of the beans, causing the beans to rot. It is transmitted by means of soil, contaminated seeds and plant debris, especially "rampant" at moderate temperatures and high humidity.

The fight is reduced to destruction by burning all plant residues after the harvest is harvested, to partial cutting or removal of the entire infected plant, spraying the plantings with one percent Bordeaux liquid or "champion". If spraying is carried out at the initial stage of the disease, it is easy to avoid mass destruction of all crops, otherwise anthracnose will quickly cover all plants and greatly reduce the yield.


Watch the video: Bean plant disease and Care, grow bean naturally (November 2021).