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For the past few years, in any park, square or city garden, you can see a plant covered with flowers with green or green-burgundy leaves from spring to autumn in flower beds. This flowering plant is called ever-flowering begonia, and it is for this property that it has become loved by urban landscaping services and amateur gardeners alike.
- What is a plant
- Plant preferences in care and maintenance
- Reproduction of begonias
- Planting seedlings in open ground
What is a plant
For the time being, begonia was an indoor plant, but then, through selection work with the participation of several hybrids of this plant, begonia was bred, which always blooms. From the name it is clear that this plant fell in love with a lot of people for the fact that flowers on it can be observed almost throughout the year! And, you see, not often such a flower can be found at all in our latitudes.
Begonia belongs to perennials, but in the conditions of our climate in open spaces it is still grown as an annual plant, because it cannot survive frosts in winter.
The bushes of the plant are low: about 20-30 cm, compact, which allows them to be grown in flower beds on the street, and planted in flower pots to be kept as indoor culture.
The stems and leaves of begonias are very juicy. It blooms with pink, white, red flowers, but there are varieties with multi-colored petals. Begonia seeds are very, very small: in one gram you can count up to 90 thousand seeds!
Plant preferences in care and maintenance
Begonia is a very moisture-loving plant. She prefers to grow not in direct sunlight, but in partial shade. Although today you can find varieties that are capable of withstanding high temperatures, and low humidity levels, and tolerance of freezing to zero degrees. Ordinary begonias, of course, are not capable of such feats.
In order for begonias to grow and bloom safely, they need:
- soils with neutral acidity are optimal, but it can grow on any other soils, except for clay and very heavy;
- if the soil is heavy, then you can improve it for planting begonias by adding peat, sand or humus, thereby making the soil more nutritious and light;
- for plants grown in containers or pots, a drainage layer must be laid on their bottom;
- a sufficient amount of indirect sunlight allows plants to form compact bushes, and not stretch;
- with very wet soil, you need to raise the flower beds for planting always flowering begonias.
Reproduction of begonias
Although the seeds of begonia are too small, the plants still reproduce successfully by seed. But it is more convenient to use this method in the presence of greenhouses. If you grow begonias at home, then it is easier and more reliable to propagate the plants by cuttings.
For example, terry varieties of begonias generally need to be maintained only by reproduction through cuttings, because terry is not preserved when breeding with seeds.
In the event that you still decide to use seeds, then you will need to sow them back in January. Then, in the month of May, after planting in the ground, it will be possible to admire the flowering of plants. For home use as a pot culture, seeds can be sown in February-March, when there is already more natural light.
Planting seedlings in open ground
- Like many other flower crops, begonia seedlings can be planted in the ground when nature does not present surprises in the form of night frosts, and this is about May-June.
- Before transplanting to flower beds, containers with seedlings need to be well watered. This will soften the earthen ball and not damage the delicate roots of young plants.
- Pruning seedlings should be pruned to prevent rapid flowering and deterioration in the appearance of the flower garden.
- It is recommended to plant seedlings about 1-2 cm deeper than they were planted in seedlings. This method of planting gives good growth to new roots.
- Seedlings for pots and balcony boxes are planted tightly, neighboring plants should touch each other with leaves.
- A week after planting, the plant will need to be watered abundantly and fed with nitrogen fertilizers a couple of times in the first two weeks in a permanent place.
If you need to quickly get a blooming flower bed, you can plant seedling bushes close to each other - 8-10 cm between each neighboring one. And if you want to wait a little and let the begonias grow, then you can make the distance more - from 15 to 30 cm.
If there is room in a closed room for the winter, always flowering begonias can be dug up, planted in containers and grown as an indoor crop until spring. In the spring, the plants are again planted in a flowerbed in open ground.
Common pests of begonias include aphids, thrips, whiteflies, nematodes, scale insects and false scales.