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Tarragon is also known as dragon wormwood or tarragon. You can recognize it by the growth of the bush (up to 1 m) and the characteristic shape of the leaves, reminiscent of the forked tongue of a dragon.
- Types of tarragon
- The use of tarragon in medicine
- The use of tarragon herb in cooking
- Storage of tarragon herb
- Growing tarragon
Types of tarragon
Tarragon is a plant with erect stems, painted in yellow-brown color, on which elongated pointed leaves of an elongated shape are located and has a woody rhizome. In Russia, it blooms for 2 months - August and September is covered with pale yellow flowers, and bears fruit in October.
Tarragon is divided into 2 forms: French and Russian.
The French form differs in that it is short in stature, few branches and flowers. The Russian form is a larger, spreading plant, characterized by a weak aroma, high frost resistance and fruiting in the southern regions.
The use of tarragon in medicine
Tarragon leaves contain many substances necessary for the body: ascorbic acid C, carotene A, rutin, alkaloids, essential oils and flavonoids, vitamins of group B - B2 and B1, magnesium, coumarin, potassium, iron, phosphorus.
The beneficial properties of this herb are widely used in folk medicine for a reason. It has an effective antihelminthic, anti-inflammatory and mild diuretic effect. Greens are used to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, improve impotence and digestive disorders.
Tarragon is recommended to be used for vitamin deficiencies, headache and toothache, as well as to improve sleep, normalize the menstrual cycle and the functioning of the gonads. With its help, various diseases of the respiratory system were successfully treated - pneumonia, bronchitis, even tuberculosis. An alcoholic tincture of tarragon roots has an effective anticonvulsant and sedative effect. Now it is often used in salt-free diets and dietary food recipes, because it has a positive effect on vitality, strengthening the immune system, supplying nutrients to the body and cleansing the blood of harmful ones.
It is contraindicated to consume tarragon in large doses, it will cause enormous harm to the body - from nausea, vomiting to the appearance of seizures and loss of consciousness. You can not use it for people with gastric ulcer, gastritis with high acidity or during pregnancy, as this threatens a miscarriage.
The use of herbs in cooking
The beneficial properties of tarragon are also in demand in cooking. It has a pungent pungent taste and a strong spicy aroma, comparing favorably with other herbal spices. Quite often it is added to vegetable (snacks, okroshka, broths, vegetable soups) and meat dishes, salads and sauces. It is possible to use tarragon greens as a side dish for various dishes.
Tarragon leaves are used for canning various vegetables, giving them fragility and a peculiar flavor. If you use them when soaking apples, pickling cabbage, it will extend the shelf life of products. They are also used to prepare spicy vinegar for fish, Tarhun soda and various alcoholic drinks.
Storage of tarragon herb
Unfortunately, it makes no sense to dry this grass for the winter, it will almost completely lose its smell. But it can be used to make weak medicinal tinctures and tea. To preserve tarragon herb as a seasoning, you can use freezing.
It is done in two ways. The first is that the washed bunches of greens are first wrapped in a towel, removing excess moisture on the leaves, and then wrapped in a film and placed in the freezer. For the second method, finely chop the washed bunches of greens, and pour a little dry white wine into a stainless saucepan. After evaporation, pour the tarragon into it and mix. After it cools down, pour it into special bags or wrap it in small briquettes with a film. Place in the freezer and use as needed.
In the modern world, almost everything can be purchased on the market, including tarragon or tarragon, but some people prefer to grow it themselves. In the middle lane, its more common form is the Russian tarragon. If desired, it is not so difficult to grow another form - French tarragon. It propagates easily in a vegetative way - by dividing the bush or by cuttings. You can cut the leaves from it in the first year after planting on the site or in the greenhouse.
In an apartment or on a balcony, it can be grown from seeds by planting seedlings in March, which will sprout in 2-3 weeks. After 1-2 months, the grown plant can be displayed on the balcony. Do not forget to water on time, get rid of weeds, if any. Closer to autumn, tarragon can be cut off and used to prepare decoctions, tinctures, or as a seasoning.