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The Garrya elliptica is a shrub native to North America and in adulthood reaches 4-5 meters in height.
It has a dark brown trunk, with slightly cracked bark, the crown is rounded, densely branched; the leaves are oval, with a wavy edge, dark green, greyish on the lower side, have a leathery texture and are slightly waxy.
In January-February the shrubs of Garrya elliptica produce long yellowish catkins, longer in the male specimens, they become silver-gray with the passing of days; they are produced at the apex of the branches, from which they fall pendulous, even 20-25 cm long. In spring, small dark seeds come off the catkins, covered with a soft down.
It is an evergreen plant with an erect habit that is often used for ornamental purposes.
Garrya elliptica should be planted in a sunny, or preferably partially shady, place; these plants tolerate the cold very well, but it is advisable to place them sheltered from the wind and the summer sun, especially in regions with very high summer temperatures.
This plant requires some hours of exposure to direct sunlight for optimal development, provided that the temperatures are not too high. When very cold temperatures are expected it would be preferable to cover the base of Garrya elliptica with leaves, straw or mulch to ensure greater protection.
Generally these trees are satisfied with the rains, since they do not have problems even during long periods of drought. For a correct maintenance you can supply water every 2-3 weeks, checking that the soil is well drained and dry to avoid water stagnation.
In autumn, bury mature organic fertilizer at the foot of the stem.
At the end of winter it is possible to add to the earth surrounding the plant organic fertilizer or slow release synthetic fertilizer. In spring, then, it will be possible to add every 15-20 days of the fertilizer to the water with which the plants are watered. The fertilizer to be used in this period must be rich in nitrogen and potassium so that this favors the development of new vegetation and more luxuriant blooms.
These shrubs prefer rich, loose and well-drained soils, although they can develop without problems in any soil, even dry and very poor. It is always advisable to add sand, or other incoherent material, to the soil when planting these plants, which fear water stagnation.
The multiplication of this type of shrub occurs by seed, in spring, or by semi-woody cutting in late summer.
Garrya elliptica: Pests and diseases
Garrya elliptica is generally not affected by parasites, being a plant rather resistant to attack, but particular attention must be paid to stagnant water that could cause dangerous radical rot that would compromise its integrity and health. If it is considered useful, it is possible to carry out preventive interventions that include the use of insecticidal and fungicidal substances to prevent the possibility that the plant will develop fungi that ruin it.