We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Probably everyone at least once admired the flowering of chestnuts. Despite the fact that, in fact, chestnut is considered a native of warm countries, it grows successfully even in the North-West of Russia. How to grow chestnuts from walnuts?
- An easy way to sprout nuts
- Description of species and varieties
An easy way to sprout nuts
The most optimal option if nature itself does it for you. Chestnut fruits, similar to large glossy beads, dressed in thorny green armor, falling to the ground, can, if no one picks them up, remain overwintered in the leaves. Then, in the spring, the nut itself will burst and a sprout will appear from it. If you are lucky and you find a sprouted chestnut, then you just have to transplant it.
If you decide to grow a chestnut tree from a nut yourself, then choose a few nuts that are strong, not rotten, from the fall, and equip them for the winter either in a pot placed not in the room, but in a cool cellar, or dig into the ground, covering they ate it for the winter with leaves and paws.
From my own experience, I know that small chestnuts for the first two years are best grown at home, so that they grow up and get stronger. Just do not forget that chestnuts are deciduous trees and they need to winter in a rather cool place.
It is best to plant chestnuts in a permanent place in the spring, having previously prepared the soil - loamy without lime content. Chestnuts can easily tolerate shading, but in the early stages of life they need sun and warmth.
Description of species and varieties
For our latitudes, American chestnuts, or toothed, and European chestnuts, or sowing, are suitable for cultivation. Both species are very high (up to 35 m), but they can withstand temperatures as low as -27 degrees.
The American has brown bark, shoots glabrous with yellowness and numerous long lenticels. The leaves are beautiful, large, sharp-toothed, slightly pubescent below along the veins. Male ears are long, up to 20 cm. Female flowers are collected at the base of inflorescences, about 10 cm. Fruits with a pubescent top are sweet and very nutritious. This breed is also growing rapidly (like the European), but a little more demanding on light.
In the European, the bark is also brown, and the shoots are ribbed, olive or reddish, with multiple glandular hairs along the entire length of the branch. The leaves are beautiful, lanceolate or oblong-elliptical, crescent-toothed, serrate; underneath grayish or smoky from abundant hairs. Male inflorescences are dense, erect, spike-shaped, with bracts, up to 35 cm long. Female flowers are collected in short, few-flowered ears. Fruits are edible, large, with a leathery prickly pericarp with a wide whitish spot at the base.
In addition to edible chestnuts, horse chestnuts are popular in gardening and park construction. This is a very beautiful tree with large, decorative, serrate leaves forming a dark dense crown with spectacular inflorescences. Unlike real chestnuts, they need a loamy soil with a lime content. Trees are moisture-loving, not demanding to care, as they are resistant to diseases and pests. They perfectly tolerate urban gas pollution, frost-resistant. They grow slowly (in the first ten years).
Horse chestnuts come in different colors and shapes of flowers. Horse chestnut has eight yellow flowers. The pink and dark red flowers of the horse chestnut are fleshy-red. The bright red flowers of the pavia horse chestnut. White with pink speckled flowers of the common horse chestnut.
In general, chestnuts are very beautiful deciduous trees with slender trunks, a rounded, regular crown shape. Their large, ornamental foliage is beautiful all season - when buds open, in summer and autumn, when it acquires a yellow color.
Chestnuts are very effective in single plantings, they live a long time. In home gardening, they are planted in open areas, beautifully shading the recreation area. Usually, a near-trunk circle is not left around the tree, not dug up. It is planted with lawn grasses, or a group of shade-tolerant perennials - astilbe, hosts, ferns, tiarella.
When the crown grows, benches, hammocks, sun loungers are arranged under it. In general, this is a beautiful family tree, but you should not try to grow it in small household plots, otherwise after several years you will have to say goodbye to it due to its violent growth, and this is a very unpleasant task for all family members. But since chestnuts are not very demanding for watering, they are often used for planting alleys along the site behind the fence.
Chestnuts are also good for park construction. Alleys, massifs, street group ensembles are formed from them. Since the crop tolerates pruning well, high walls and hedges can be created with appropriate shaping.
So, if you want to grow a chestnut from a nut, then place it in a cool room or refrigerator for the winter - stratification is needed for growth. And what kind and variety to choose, and where to place the future seedling, determine in advance. Good luck!