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Each summer resident allocates a place for onions on his site. There are a lot of onion varieties and it is difficult to choose the right option. A good one is the Stuttgarter Riesen onion.
- Description of the variety
- Sowing seeds
- Planting sevka
- Planting onions on a feather
- Care and feeding
- Diseases and pests
Description of the variety
Bow Stuttgarter Riesen is a product of German selection. It belongs to the mid-season varieties and is popular among gardeners and gardeners, both amateurs and professionals. It is a high-yielding variety of universal significance. Has a great demand in the market.
Onion Stuttgarter Riesen is characterized by large, flat-round bulbs. The mass of onions can reach up to 250 grams, generally it ranges from 100 to 150 grams. Onion color Stuttgarter Riesen from yellow-brown to white in ripe fruits. The taste is semi-sharp.
This onion contains a large amount of vitamin C. Dry substances are found in onions in increased amounts, so they can be dried and frozen. Suitable for any kind of cooking, preservation and distillation. The storage of this variety is good. It takes up to 95 days from the emergence of sprouts to ripeness.
Growing onions Stuttgarter Riesen takes place with the help of seeds and through sevok. The best predecessors are cucumber, tomato, potato, cabbage, and legumes.
It grows well on fertile loamy chernozems with a neutral reaction. Acidic soils are not suitable for Stuttgarter Riesen onions.
When growing onions, spring and autumn planting is used.
For an autumn planting, it is better to take a shallow set, since it dries up until spring during storage. If the onions are planted in the fall, then the rows must be mulched with humus and peat.
In early spring or autumn, seeds are sown on prepared beds. Grooves are made across the beds, the distance between which is 10-15 centimeters. Onions are sown to a depth of two centimeters, and the distance should be 1-1.5 centimeters. After sowing, the soil must be slightly compacted.
Sevok should be sorted out, dry and damaged bulbs should be removed. It is advisable to warm it up at 40-420 heat for 8 hours. You can use the central heating battery for warming up.
On the eve of planting, it is necessary to soak the seedlings in water heated to 35-420. Add potassium permanganate (0.1 grams per bucket of water) and aloe juice (if any) to the water. Keep in solution for 24 hours. Then lay out on a film or burlap.
Sevok is planted in rows. The distance between the bulbs in a row is 10-15 centimeters, and between the rows - 20-25 centimeters.
Small bulbs can be planted very early. Large and medium-sized bulbs must be planted only after the soil has warmed up to 10-150, since in the cold they give arrows.
Planting onions on a feather
For forcing, it is better to take turnip onions and culled sets. The bulbs are planted tightly. They are not covered with earth, leaving them on the surface. Pour onions and cover with foil. For the fastest growth, you should feed it once with a urea solution (20 grams per bucket of water). Such onions are often watered.
Care and feeding
The variety easily tolerates cold, but grows best at high and moderate temperatures.
Plants should be weeded and watered and fertilized as needed. They are fed mainly with complex fertilizers. To accelerate growth, 14 days after planting, the bulbs are fertilized with a solution of mullein or bird droppings. Urea (25 grams) is added to the resulting solution (1 bucket). Another top dressing should be done 5 weeks after planting. For her, urea (15 grams), superphosphate (15 grams) and potassium salt (40 grams) are diluted in a bucket of water. When the bulbs begin to form, the plants are fed a third time: superphosphate (20-30 grams) and potassium salt (15 grams) are added to the water (1 bucket).
Poor onion growth and pale leaf color indicate a lack of nitrogen. Premature aging of leaves and their wrinkling indicate a lack of potassium. Blackening and dying off of the tops of the leaves indicates a lack of phosphorus.
Do not add fresh manure under the onion. It inhibits the ripening of onions and promotes the development of pests. In July, you should stop feeding the plants.
Diseases and pests
Stuttgarter Riesen is rarely exposed to diseases and pests. The variety is resistant to powdery mildew and arrow formation. There is a slight rudiment and nesting.
Most often, diseases are brought in along with low-quality planting material. Therefore, you need to purchase it only in specialized stores. For the prevention of diseases, seeds and seedlings are disinfected before planting.
To scare off pests, it is recommended to plant several dill bushes on the onion bed, as well as alternate onion beds with carrot beds.
Felting onions was popular in the past. It was believed that this method promotes the rapid ripening of onions. But it can cause rotting of the feather, and, consequently, of the entire bulb. To ripen the onion faster, watering should be stopped half a month before harvesting.
Harvesting begins with yellowing and lodging of the leaves. You cannot drag it out: the plants will grow again. The collected onions are dried in a garden bed or under a canopy (in case of bad weather). The bulbs are freed from roots and leaves, sorted.
Only those onion heads that are fully ripe are stored well. Therefore, unripe and defective bulbs must be used first. In order to preserve the seedlings better, it is recommended to sprinkle the bulbs with sand for the winter.
Onions easily tolerate cold, but it is still better to store them at temperatures above -30C. During storage, care must be taken to prevent condensation from forming on the surface of the bulbs. It promotes the germination and decay of the bulbous heads.
Growing onions Stuttgarter Riesen is not difficult. If you follow the basic rules, you can get an excellent harvest of onions.