Apartment plants

Guzmania lingulata


Cultivation techniques


The two main needs of the Guzmania lingulata plants are: heat and high humidity. They are planted at the end of spring or at the beginning of summer, in pots of about 10 cm, using a mixture of coarse sand, leaf soil and osmunda in equal parts, in a bright area but not exposed to direct sunlight, especially during the hottest hours of the day.
During the summer we recommend watering abundantly, while in winter it is advisable to keep the compote just moist. If possible, it is advisable to use rainwater. It is good to keep the central rosette full of water because it constitutes the water reserve of the plant. In the vegetative period it is good to administer fertilizer for plants every 15/20 days.
The ideal temperature for this plant is around 20 ° C, although it resists without problems at temperatures around 30 ° C, while it does not survive temperatures below 10 ° C.

Multiplication



To obtain new examples of this type of plant you can proceed with the division of the shoots; leave the basal shoots attached to the plant until they are rooted. In the April period they can be detached from the mother plant and repotted using a mixture of sand, soil and bark.
New plants usually start to flower after a period ranging from one year to 3 years.
It is also possible to proceed with the multiplication by seed, placing the seeds in a compound formed by peat and a part of sand; the containers should be placed in a protected environment with a temperature of about 25 ° C. After about three months, when the seedlings have acquired the necessary strength, they can be transplanted.

Pests and diseases



This plant is often affected by red spider mites and cochineal. To eliminate these parasites, if the problem is limited, it is possible to intervene manually with the use of a cloth with alcohol, or by washing the plant with water and neutral soap, which will be carefully removed. The leaves of the plant can present problems also because of the excessive irradiation, presenting a faded coloring; on the other hand, in case of poor brightness, the leaves may darken. In case of excessive watering the plant will present radical rot that could be very serious.

Most widespread species



Guzmania aberteroana
originally from Puerto Rico, it has an upright floral stem, up to about 40 cm high, with oval bracts
dark red color. The flowers are about 5 cm long and pale yellow.

Guzmania lingulata



The Lingulata variety grows spontaneously in the land band from the West Indies to Brazil.
The G. Lingulata is characterized by leaves about 40 cm long and 3 wide. The flowers are about 4 cm long and almost hidden by the red bracts.
This species blooms only once during its three years of life, the shoots that develop
at the base they can be potted and will flower the following season.

Guzmania monostachya



Native to Central America, Brazil and southern Florida. About 40 cm high, presents
narrow and arched leaves, forming a rosette of about 10 cm. The yellow flowers just come out of the
bracts and are gathered in a spike about 40 cm long.

Guzmania lingulata: Guzmania music


Originally from Panama and Colombia, it is characterized by the
pink bracts that cover the
floral stems. The flowers are yellow and about 5 cm long.
Among the other most widespread species we mention:
Guzmania vittata, Guzmania zahnii, and Guzmania sanguinea.