Apartment plants

Acmea - Aechmea


GeneralitŠ°


About fifty species of epiphytic, evergreen plants belong to the aechmea genus, widespread in the rainforests of South America, where they develop on the trunk of the trees, at the bifurcation of the branches. A. fasciata has long, fleshy, pointed leaves, arranged in large basal rosettes, dark green in color, the banded name derives from the broad horizontal stripes that conspicuously decorate the leaves, consisting of blue-gray bloom. Every 2-3 years at the center of the rosette of leaves develops a particular inflorescence, consisting of numerous semi-woody bracts, pink in color, between which bloom small lilac or white flowers. The inflorescence of Acmea remains decorative for months, then it dries up; often after flowering the plant perishes, while it develops some basal shoots, which can be removed to give rise to new plants, or left in the same container, so as to originate a large group of plants, which will simultaneously produce new inflorescences. Very appreciated as houseplants, the Aechmea in addition to being very decorative it is also easy to grow.

Exposure



The Acmea is grown in an apartment, in a fairly bright place, but not in direct contact with sunlight; it develops without problems even in shady or partially shady places. Fears the cold, and does not tolerate temperatures below 15 ° C.

Acmea plants are grown in a soft and rich soil, mixed with bark or other incoherent material, to simulate the substrate they have available in nature. In general it is not necessary to repot them often, even if sometimes they are placed in large containers, due to the weight that well-developed plants can reach.Multiplication


After flowering it is possible to remove the basal shoots, which must be rooted in a mixture of peat and sand in equal parts, to be placed in a container to be placed in a protected place, with a constant temperature.

Pests and diseases


Excessive watering can cause the development of root rot. It is good to check that the chosen soil is adequate and allows good water drainage; if the problem is noticed, it is necessary to intervene by reducing the waterings and, in the case, decanting the plant into a more draining substrate.

A. Fulgens



Native to Brazil, thirty - thirty centimeters tall, it has spiny leaves, small that form an open rosette, the inflorescence is an oval panicle with numerous blue pedunculated flowers that appear in August - September and are followed by vermilion berries.

A. Marmorata


It is native to South America, it is fifty to sixty centimeters high. The leaves are white green, and the reddish inflorescences.

Acmea - Aechmea: Aechmea fasciata sheet



GeneralitŠ°:
It is an epiphytic plant that grows attached to the bark of other plants, obtaining water and nutrients through the leaves.
It has few roots but the ones it produces are very robust
The leaves streaked with white with a green-gray color form a rosette and have black spines along the edge. At the center of the rosette is a stem bearing pink bracts and blue-pink flowers. When the petals fall, the bracts remain that look like flowers but are not.
Flowering:
it flowers once in its life around June July.
Exposure:
it grows in shade in the house, near a window, but behind the curtains to avoid direct solar radiation.
Temperature:
between 18 and 25 degrees during the day and between 15-20 at night. Does not like drafts.
watering:
scarce in winter, in spring a little non-calcareous water is poured into the rosette in the center of the leaves.
fertilizing:
of liquid fertilizer in the water of the watering every two weeks approximately in the vegetative period.
Multiplication:
after flowering the plant dies and produces some lateral jets that can be rooted by surrounding their base with moss or peat. The side jets are detached with a sharp knife and left to dry for one or two days, then planted and supported until the roots have developed, which can be ascertained by giving them some very light strokes.
Pests and diseases:
the red spider mite manifests itself with brown spots on the younger leaves.